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Title: [?], Quebec, to "Dear Mother", [Countess of Caledon?], [?]
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
Filelord caledon/88
SenderLord Caledon (James Du Pre Alexander)
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationarmy officer
Sender Religionunknown
OriginQuebec, Canada
RecipientCountess of Caledon
Recipient Genderfemale
SourceD 2433/B/8/4: Deposited by the Trustees of the Caledon Estate
ArchiveThe Public Record Office, Northern Ireland
Doc. No.9511090
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by LT, 17:11:95.
Word Count1065
TranscriptCitadel Barracks
May 25th 1838

My Dear Mother,
Although we came to anchor at
Quebec on Wednesday the 10 the Company I belonged
to did not disembark till the 18th. We went on
board the Athol and our accommodation
was so bad that I could not manage to write by
the Edinburugh, which is of no consequence as the
Pique sails tomorrow and will most likely
be in Portsmouth before her. I like this country
as far as I have seen very much although the
weather has been very bad yet I have managed to
get to one or two places worth seeing. I went the
day before yesterday to the falls of [Mont-----?] [Manomonee?]
[location] 260 feet and quite perpendicular, my
first visit was to the indian village where I was
introduced to one of the chiefs who had been in
London and had discussed with 'King George', he
is now 75 years old, but comes into Quebec he
break fasted in my room the other day they have
200 men in the village but they had not come in
from hunting their houses are very neat and clean
and the squaws dress very much like the
[Piviss?], we took a quantity of [sous?] with us
and have made them into logs of wood for the
little children to shoot at with their bows and
arrows, which was most wonderful to me for they
were not more than 5 and yet they hardly ever
missed, they are a much nicer people than we are
led to understand, not [tall?], but very [sinewy?]
and it black [?] when some of them [?]
[?] but others not much darker than white men.
the old chief had not got a grey hair, he has a
very prominent nose, cheek bones and forehead,
with piercing eyes, he is in great hopes that we
shall have a war as he says that the Queens loves
the river Mr [Tease?] & the Americans like it equally
the St Jean & the St Lawrence)
I am going there to a lake beyond the village to fish
on Monday there is a very fine waterfall there; The people here
call the village, Ville des la rages the Indians
call it Huron de Loretto they are of the
Huron tribes they receive pay from our
government, several of them have come to see me
and always make a point of shaking hands
the men have coats made of blankets a
red skin and beads and moccasins they talk very
good French. I send you the writing of one who
called me the other day and wished me to go with
him to fish. The old chief Michel [Troui?]
always talks about him we are in the Citadel
barracks. I have been trying to give you a sort of idea
of the view I have, I will be able to do a better
one when I understand the Camera Inside our
rooms are very good, double windows a stove and
fireplace, I believe that there is no such thing
as a room without a stove the people are very civil.
I find the little French I know very usefull to me.
If Davies the master of the Edinburgh calls pray ask
him to Dinner he is a rough old sailor but you would
like him. I was trying to get a sail for a boat
I was in the other day and the opposite sid of the river
and I found an Englishman a shipbuilder or
merchant who gave me [?] and a [bears?] ham
which was very good. I have met with only one
north of Ireland man since I have been here, the
river is about a mile wide here and the tide runs
about four to five knots. If I get any thing curious
in the way of plants, or any thing else I [wish?]
send them I did not get many, things yet from the Indians
but I will send over some soon they work very pretty
things in bark and I think a present of English gun
powder would purchase them at a much cheaper rate
than buying them by the Dollar. The
money here is wretched fifteen being notes and
bad coppers no gold and little silver every thing
is dear and nothing very good except the fuel as
there is plenty of woods.I expect Robert
Gore every day and as there is an armed schooner
telegraphed down the river I have no
doubt but what it is him, I also heard that
Lord Durham had arrived in the river. The hot weather
has not made its appearance but when the sun breaks
out he gives a hint of how hot he intends to make us,
the [chasms?] by the river are still filled with
great blocks of snow when we left the
Athol, the steamer that set us on shore
brought at the same time the Invalids who
were returning to England and amongst them were
those who had been wounded during last winter there were
several of them very bad and I should hardly
think would last out the voyage. There is one
curious thing here which is that all the churches
and most of the principal houses are slated
with tile and on a moonlight night it is quite
beautiful by day it is too brilliant [especially?]
at a long distance [by?] moonlight it is just like an
illumination. I think I mentioned to you in my
other letter what a famous passage we had but
there was nothing of any consquence happened, we
saw some icebergs, and we fished on the banks but
only caught one cod amongst us the weather was so
hazy at the entrance of the river that we very
nearly struck and till we got past [Anticosti?] a
long way we could not see much; We then all
met and sailed up together the Edinburgh
& Athol with the Coldstream and the Apollo and
Inconstant with the Grenadiers. This life
agrees with me better than a London I am in bed
by 10 and up before 8. There is not much duty but
we have drill after parade of a morning and then
walk out, the town is wretched the houses are all
wood and the post enclosed within a fortification
very small, the height of Abraham all on a level with
our barracks.