|Letter from a Mr McCarver Describing Business in Oregon [U.S.A.?].
|Irish Emigration Database
|The Vindicator, Belfast, 7 May 1845.
|The Linenhall Library, Belfast.
|Document added by LT, 06:10:1994.
|(description of business in Oregon)
| The Oregon Territory. - The Peoria Register gives a letter from one
Mr. McCarver giving the particulars of business in the Oregon:-
"The harvest is just at hand, and such crops of wheat, barley
oats, peas, and potatoes, are seldom, if ever, to be seen in the States,
that of wheat in particular, the stalks being in many instances as
high as my head, the grains generally much larger; I would not
much exaggerate to say they are as large again as those grown
east of the mountains. The soil is good and the climate is most
superior, being mild the year round, and very healthy, more so than
any country I have lived in the same length of time. Produce
bears an excellent price - pork 10 cents, beef 6 cents, potatoes
50 cents, wheat one dol. [dollar?] per bushel. These articles are
purchased at the above prices with greast avidity by the merchants
for shipment, generally to the sandwich islands and Russian
settlements on this continent and are paid for mostly in stores and
groceries, the latter of which is the product of these islands,
particularly sugar and coffee, of which abundant supplies are
furnished. Wages for labourers are high. Common hands are
getting from 1 dol. [dollar?] to 2 dols. [dollars?] per day, and mechanics
from 2 dols. [dollars?] to 4 dols. per day. It is with difficulty
men can be procured at these prices, so easily can they do better
on their farms. The plains are a perpetual meadow, furnishing
two complete new crops in a year, spring and fall, the latter
remaining green through the winter. Beef is killed from the grass
at any season of the year. If you have any enterprise left, or
if your neighbours have any, here is the place for them. Dr. McLoughlan
has just commenced a canal around the Willhamette Falls, which he
expects to complete in two years, at a cost of 30,000 dollars. Our
legislature (the lower house of which I have the honour to be
Speaker), which has just finished its session, granted the
Doctor a charter for twenty years, he entering into an agreement
to complete the canal for boats of thirteen feet in width to pass
in safety, the whole to be completed in two years as above stated.
He has a number of hands now engaged in its construction, and no doubts
are entertained of his ability to complete it. He is constructing a
large flouring mill, with four runs of [burn?] which will be ready for
business this fall. He has already two saw mills in operation at
the Falls. Everything is flourishing in this country."