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Title: W McClurg, West Salem Township, to David McClurg, Templemoyle.
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
Filemcclorg, william/1
SenderMcClorg, William
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationunknown
Sender ReligionProtestant
OriginWest Salem Township, Penn., USA
DestinationTemplemoyle, Co. Derry, N.Ireland
RecipientMcClorg, David and Anne
Recipient Gendermale-female
SourceT 1227/21: Photocopied by Courtesy of Mr A MacLurg. #TYPE EMG W McClurg, West Salem Township, to David McClurg, Templemoyle, Co Londonderry, 18 March 1831.
ArchivePublic Record Office, N. Ireland
Doc. No.8905212
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
Log28:06:1989 LT created 06:11:1990 CD input 07:11:19
Word Count1327
Mr David McLurg Templemoyle
Parish Bevevah [Bovevagh?] near New town
Limavady County Londonderry
West Salem Township 18th March 1831
Dear parents I take the present opportunity of
informing you that I am well, thanks unto God for his mercies
manifested towards me in a strange land hoping these lines will find
you my relations and friends enjoying the same benediction I
wrote you a letter from Philad'a [Philadelphhia?] the 4th October giving you
a little sketch of the voyage, I was sick a long time on sea but
have had good health ever since I came on land, I left Philad'a [Philadelphi
a?] fifth October and arrived in Pittsburgh the fifteenth I will give you
a little relation of the country as Iwent along, for upwards of
a hundred miles from Philad'a [Philadelphia?] the country is rich and well
cultivated, the settlement being old the farmers live in a wealthy
affluent manner their farms being large their barns are also the
same being from sixty to one hundred feet in length and from
thirty to forty in wideness, the doors are so wide as to admit
two or three waggons abreast they have a much easier way of
thrashing than you have in Ireland they tramp out their grain all
with horses and oxen except rye which is the only grain they
thrash, the country abounds with limestone which being laid on
the land produces abundant crops, towards the mountains the
country became hilly stony and something wet, you have heard
say there was no stacks of grain here all was in the barns, but
that is not the case I have seen a great many stacks out
which the barns could not hold they do not trouble themselves
in thatching as you do, a top sheaf is mostly all the [they?] get
the weather being generally calm and little rain requires
less care, the mountains are generally barren some of them
the wildest ever I saw being covered with racks to their
very summits and timber growing among them it being
as natural for trees to grow on them here as heath on the
mountains in Ireland, I had a fine view on the top of
the Cove mountain and as far as I could see there was but
spots of the country cleared the rest being an entire forest
hundreds and thousands of emigrants have come to this country
and yet there is room, the road on the mountains is very
crooked always turning and winding around hills but upon
the top of the Alleghany it is straight for several miles, the
last of the mountains is by far the longest called the
Laurel Hill, here I saw a bear tied to a tree near a cabin
in the woods which was all the formidable animal I saw
on my journey, from thence forward to Pittsburg which is
forty three miles, the country is well inhabited and the woods
pretty well cleared off taverns are plenty all the way from
Phil'a [Philadelphia?] to Pittsburg, and have good accommodations for
travellers Pittsburg lies in a low situation at the
junction of the Alleghany and M[?]engahala rivers and head
of the Ohio it is surrounded with hills and mostly
covered with smoke from the numerous foundries
and iron works carried on there it is a place of great
trade there is a vast inhabitants in it mostly Irishmen
I found out Mr Joseph Caskey in Pittsburg he was glad to see me he took
me to Mr William Thompson's who left Carrick they both shewed [showed?]
me as much friendship as I had been one of their relations they both gained
independant [independent?] fortunes and are very friendly to their country-
men they informed me of Brother Joseph and advised me to go and see him I
stopped with them a few days, I then started for Joseph Mr Caskey came out
of town and shewed [showed?] me the road and gave me directions all the way
I travelled from Pitts.g [Pittsburg?] to Mercer which is sixty three miles
in two days from thence to a small town called Greenville fourteen miles
from Mercer from Greenville to Brother Joseph's two miles I never went one
[?] of my way from Phiad'a [Philadelphia?] until I was within one mile of
his house where I went a little out of my road but soon found it again I
asked him many questions about his friends in Ireland and his brother in
America but he never once thought I was me until I told him he was glad
to see me and enquired about all his friends and acquaintances said he
never expected to see any of his relations much less one of his br[others?
he said I would stop with him during the winter his wife and
family desired the same which I have done I have seen the m[?]
uncle John McLorg's family was at the place where he Aunts [?]
and Mary lies buried saw a son of James McLurgs in brother [J?]
in the fall, John Neil came to Josephs in winter was glad to see me
and enquired much about the old country folks let cousin Nancy
George know her sister Mrs Stewart lives within twelve miles of Brother
Joseph she had sent for him several times to go and see her he did not know
who it was until I told him we went and stopped with her a night they were
all well at that time I have much reason of thankfulness to providence I
have always met with friends in this country and was shewn [shown?]
friendship by many strangers Joseph owns one hundred and ten acres of good
land eighty of which is in a state of cultivation has a good stack of cattle
and likes this Country well it is settled and thirty four years by white
pe[?] and is much improved in that time, it was formerly much infested by
bears wolves and rattle snakes but happy for the inhabitants they are now
mostly eradicated, I esteem my native country my relations and friends there
much before any part I have seen yet in America although this
settlement is mostly Irish people yet their manners and customs are
strange to me, Brother Joseph desires to be remembered to Father and Mother
Brothers and sisters in the kindest manner also to Uncles and aunts and all
his old acquaintances but lest I tire you with a long story I must be done
remember me to Brothers sisters Uncles & Aunts Cousins John & Robert with
their Consorts cousins Oliver & John, John Gay and family Conoly
Dale and family with any other that may enquire I subscribe myself
your affectionate son William McLurg
P.S write to me as quick as you can as I long to hear from
you and all my friends I have heard many alarming accounts
from Ireland send me an account of affairs respecting the preaching
and if there be any Meeting House got up in Largy I intend
going into Pittsburg shortly I could get employment here but
I do not like to stop in this place the winter here is very hard
but almost a perpetual calm the spring and fall is beautiful weather
but the summer and winter are pretty much on extremes in my
next I will give you a better account of this settlement W.M
N.B. when you write to me direct to William McLurg Care of
Mr Wick Postmaster West Greenville Mercer County Pennsylvania
I had a letter from Robert in January he was well and stated Mrs Ross &
family was well also I wrote to John in November but got no answer
I heard nothing of John Hunter since I left N.york I would be glad
to hear from him or any of my shipmates this is a good country
for a family but not for a single man as money is very scarce
I would give you an account of markets but I have not room