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Title: John McCracken,Quebec, to his sister Kate.
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
Filemccracken, john/11
SenderMcCracken, John
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationunknown
Sender Religionunknown
OriginQuebec, Canada
Recipient Genderfemale
SourceT 3621/3. Presented by Miss L. Bradley.
ArchivePublic record Office Northern Ireland.
Doc. No.9310027
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogAction By Date Document added by C. R., 04:10:1993
Word Count6640
Note(document contains letter and passage journal)
TranscriptQuebec 1 July 1858

My Dear Kate
Here I am at last after
a tedious voyage of 7 weeks and
two days. I send you as you request
the full true & correct account of
the voyage, as I had no way
of writing and fraid [afraid?] it is very
badly done but you must make
the best you can of it and not
show it to strangers you may
read it to any one you please
I tried to let you see all the
difficulties I had to meet
I am afraid mother would
not be able to hack all our
windings on the ocean, every
night in bed before I fell
asleep I thought of you all
As for my companion we got
on very well together most of
the time, we had little squabbles
once or twice about cooking
&c [et cetera?] but we never fell
I find that he is a poet and
have listened at times with
pleasure to his pieces.
Andy Barnett was here a month
before me and gave me your
note which I consider an
excellent little letter and write
me more of them even if you
should not get an answer to
each. I also got one from
Rosa & Maria but will not
write direct to them at present
but will do so soon. I know
that Georgy will write bye & bye.
It appears from Marias [Maria's?] note
that this should have been
sent to her but I suppose
it will not make much
difference if I have made a mistake.
Tell her that both the cakes were
splendid and every time Mr Marshall

eat [ate?] a bit he said so & so did
I Nancys [Nancy's?] oaten bread was
very useful to us. The first thing
that seemed strange to me was the
great number of river steam boats and
the fashion of them, they have two
decks one the same as ours and
another nearly on a level with the
paddle boxes which runs nearly the
whole way along part of the machinery
works above the upper deck a large
walking beam which turn the paddles.
As I have one or two more to write you
must excuse me.
I remain with kind love to Rosa Maria
Georgina Fran[--?] mother & father &
Mrs Eagles & family I am your
brother John

Notes on a voyage from
Belfast to Quebec 1858

Left Belfast in the Flora [Mure?] at
1/2 past five in the evening of
Saturday the 8th May 1858, we were
towed down the river by the steam tug
"[-?]onder" which left us a little
below the lighthouse & the ships
husband Mr Campbell was still on
board but left us in a quay yawl
before Bangor the ship having
sailed on when the tug left when he
gave us three cheers & we returned
them as they were of no use to us.
As there was a good breeze from the
Northwest the vessel proceeded right
out of the lough and down the south
channel. We made our tea about 8
o'clock We retired to bed about 1/2
past 9 when the ship was off the
Mourne mountains.
Sunday the 9th [May?] On rising in
the morning about 1/2 past 6 found

that the wind had shifted during the
night to S.W. [South West?] and that
the ship was sailing north again got
our allowance of water this morning
but no provisions yet, had coffee &
ham & eggs for breakfast which we
cooked ourselves about 11 o'clock I
felt sick and threw up which relieved
me and I was all right for the remainder
of the day, in the afternoon when we
were abreast of the Copelands it fell
nearly calm and we lay there for
three hours when it freshened up from
S.W [South West?] We had a piece of
the home beef for the dinner with
greens & potatoes, there was a
Scotchman in our place who had no
provisions with him and we invited
him to dine with us had coffee &
bread loaf for tea & went to bed about 9,
this day was not very like Sunday.
Monday 10th [May?] On rising this
morning along pretty fast with a
fresh S.W [South West?] wind off the
Mull of Cantyre [Kintyre?], the
studding sails ever shipped, had
coffee and ham with an egg in coffee
for breakfast, shortly after got sick
and threw up where I was all right,
provisions served out today, got 3
1/2 lbs [pounds?] bread 1 lb [pound?]
oatmeal 2 lb [pounds?] potato 1 lb
[pound?] flour 1 1/4 lb [pound?] beef
1 lb [pound?] pork 1 lb [pound?] rice
2 oz [ounces?] tea 1/2 lb [pound?]
Tuesday 11th [May?] I was sick this
morning shortly after rising but soon
got better, vessel still on the same
course N [North?] by W [West?] with a
light wind pitching a good deal, no
land in sight since Sunday afternoon,
saw two sails this day but at a great
Wednesday 12th [May?] 6 am [a.m.?] a
beautiful morning with a nice breeze
blowing pitching a good deal,

yesterday evening we had a regular
concert in the fore saloon they were
all singing songs round, we are very
comfortable here place swept out two
or three times a day, today we had it
washed out with mops, have not had
much conversation with Captn
[Captain?] yet, only fine morning
tried the ships pork today and
managed to make very good pea soup
from it, better than I expected, I
did it myself, - every one looks out
for himself here, we have about 40
young men here in the fore hold, all
quiet chaps and everything goes on
agreeably, had a good sleep last night
I did not sleep much before was sick
after dinner today for a little the
wind freshened up in the evening.
Thursday 13 [May?] Wind still fair
and sailing right before it with
studding sails set, an hours singing
in the fore saloon. Ever since the
flour has been served out pan cakes
[pancakes?] has been the rage. I am
just after making a pudding & I have
it on, we are getting on nicely, we
could not wish for better weather.
Pudding very good, had my bed on deck
today airing, wind fallen off a
little fine sunny afternoon
Friday 14 [May?] On rising at 1/2 past
5 this morning found the vessel
rolling a good deal, wind blowing up
pretty strong & I fear getting up a
little, had some singing yesterday
evening men all very obliging, I
think I am almost sea hardy now tried
the oaten bread yesterday & found
it very good. A hawk has flying round
the vessel all day chased a swallow
but did not catch it, it is on the
main top the last time I saw it,
before I went to bed it was blowing
very fresh [---?] right aft
Saturday 15 [May?] Did not sleep much
last night as it was blowing half a

gale but nearly all sail set, the sea
would hit her a solid skelp on the
bow now and then and make her tremble
all over I did not feel very
comfortable. When I got up at 5
o'clock the wind had fallen a little
it is now (10 o'clock) blowing strong
again but changed a little to W
[West?] ship close handed on a wind
still lying her course W [West?] by N
[North?] this is not so comfortable
as sailing before the wind, passed a
sail on the weather bow this morning,
but a long way off. The crew (with
the exception of the mate and second
mate who are Irish) are all English
men, the passengers are mostly Irish,
but we have five or six Scotchmen
7 o'clock p. m. we have just got
clear of a heavy squall, we were
carrying all sail when it came on and
laid her over on the one (port) side,
but she behaved very well, I was on
deck with some more of the pasengers
and we all lent on and got the light
sails off her and reefed the fore &
main top sails. The Capt. [Captian?]
was below when it came on but came on
deck immediately and issued his
orders quite coolly. I hope we may
have no more
Another squall at 9 p.m. but as we
had not so much sail set it was not
so bad clew'd up the mainsail and
reefed the fore & main top sails went
to bed about 9 1/2- but could not
sleep, a third squall struck her at 1
a m this was the worst of all and
lasted for near an hour took some
more sail off her and it passed
without doing any harm Sunday 16
[May?] Weather more moderate this
morning but sea is little heavy we
are 2 or 3 points south off our direct
course since yesterday morning
Monday 17th [May?] Yesterday & this morning
calm but rocking a good deal, saw a

large shoal of porpoises I can
compare them to nothing but enormous
snails with a sharp hump on the back
& broad tail
the largest were leading, & were as
large larger than an ox, they rose
out of the water for a second or two
and then went down for a minute or
so. Came on to blow about 2 p. m.
with squalls, staid [stayed?] on deck
for a watch from 8 to 12 during which
time it blew very hard, with squalls,
about took a reef in the top sails
stowed all the other sails but
the fore stay sail, we had
lightning & rain, but it passed off
better than was expected, about 11
the moon came out and made a rain bow
[rainbow?] on the lee side I never saw
a moon bow before it is just like one
made by the sun but not quite so
bright, the sailors considered this a
good omen & we let out more sail as
it was quieter
Tuesday 18 [May?] Last night and this
morning was very coarse but it
moderated toward 2 p m wind against
us almost lying to, a large ship
passed us homeward b [bound?] with a
fine fair wind but at a good distance
off, in the afternoon a large steam
boat homeward b [bound?] passed us
but too far off to speak. She had
French colours up & we ran up the
Wednesday 19th [May?] Strong breeze
last night increasing to a gale today
& the spray dashing over the bows,
ship going ten knots under foresail,
mainsail, double reefed topsails &
jib we can hardly stagger about & the
things will not stay at rest toward
evening, still getting worse with
heavy sea, saw a beautiful rain bow
[rainbow?] in the worst of the storm
Thursday 20 [May?] A very bad night
and no better this morning sea

running in hills and valleys with a
good deal of broken water, ship lying
head to under close reefed topsails,
drifting to leeward. I was standing
at the weather bow this morning
watching the waves when she shipped a
sea & wet me all over The women and
children kicked up a row last night,
Waves very grand to look at, but I
would rather they were a little
quieter, saw two stormy petrels, just
like swallows fly the same way, a
brownish colour with white at the
tail & and a little larger
Friday 21 [May?] Gale still continues
from N. W. [North West?] I believe,
wish it was over, nothing but
confusion tins & pots rolling about
when the vessel gives a lurch, a
voyage is a fine thing in good
weather but very disagreeable in bad
almost a weeks bad weather now, ship
drifting head to and losing ground
fast not much prospect of a quick
passage now, slept pretty well last
night although I believe it was the
worst night we have had yet. I am
afraid the beef will not keep any
longer, had to wash it and hang it
up, got it boiled this afternoon, a
ship passed us this morning in the
opposite direction 7 o'clock a vessel
going the same way on the weather
side but a long way off, wind rising
instead of falling
Saturday 22 [May?] A very
disagreeable night wth heavy squalls,
gale still continues this morning
vessel lying head to under low
canvas, wind took off in the evening,
got provisions today & baked a first
rate cake for tea, I am a capital
cook now.
Sunday 23 [May?] A fine morning with
a nice steady breeze, wind not just
fair, vessel close handed on a wind,
had a prayer meeting in the fore hold

at 11 o'clock, We have a school
master on board & I spoke to him
about it & he officiated, he is a
nice little fellow, but he is humped
backed, lame of a leg & has no power
in one of his hands, he was in the
"Aurora" when she was wrecked, and
lost all his books and clothes I pay
him all the attention I can, he is a
Methodist and I think a very good
man. 5 o'clock p. m. spoke the "Lord
Harding" of & for Glasgow from
Jamaica told him to report
"Flora [Mure?] 15 days out. (24 '9
Longitude he showed) great
excitement, passengers all on deck,
the first vessel that has come near
us. Prayers in the main hold at 7 p.m.
school master officiating made a
very nice prayer. Wind rising
considerably & a sail passed pretty
close at dark
Monday 24[May?] Wind fallen a little, ship
still on a wind saw the fin of a
shark, tossed a bit of pork astern
but could not entice him, a sail on
the same course with us, the vessel
is tacking today wind very light &
showery weather, They are
whitewashing the berths today, this
was our day, (Marshall & I to sweep
the fore hold)
Tuesday 25 [May?] A fine strong
breeze this morning, ship going very
fast on a wind, we have distanced the
other vessel, I do not know if we are
on the direct course, I got a lesson
in German (from a man who was with Mr
Heyn) this morning. The vessel is
shipping a good deal of water over
the bows, half a dozen of chaps got
right soused it is laughable to see
the passengers staggering about the
deck with pork &c [et cetera?] I was
going up to make breakfast this
morning with a tin full of meal in
one hand & a teapot in the other just

as I got on deck away I went on my -
but I did not spill anything. I am
afraid we are going to have another
burst, but are on our course, going 9
1/2 knots to 6 knots,
Wednesday 26 [May?] A very rough
night & still continues this morning,
ship lying to under close reefed
topsails. Every day being much alike
I will just tell you how we proceed,
Rise between 6 & 7 o'clock, wash hands &
face three or four times a week. I
then put some water in a pan go to
the fire & boil it, wet the tea with
part of it and make stirabout with
the remainder & sometimes we have an
egg or a bit of ham which the cook
does, after washing the things &
making beds we go on deck & walk or
read for two or three hours, when
about 12 o'clock, we prepare the
dinner, put a piece of beef in the
pot with potatoes & a turnip & put
them in the same pot & boil
altogether, the beef having all been
previously boiled, boil a little rice
for desert [dessert?] in a separate
pan wash the thing after dinner then
walk or read till tea time about (6
o'clock) when we have tea in the
usual way, then go on deck and chat
with the sailors till ten o'clock
when we go to bed. I will just
describe the passengers in the fore
hold as I go along
Between us & the bows there are chaps
sleeping together with their beds on
the floor, McKibbin a country
chap from Hollywood [Holywood?] a
good natured soul, Barton a carver &
cabinet maker from Belfast, a nice
quiet kind of fellow, & Black a wild
character who comes from Newry & has
been in New York. On the other side
of us there are three, Jim a sailor
lad who is always doing some thing
useful, sewing for some of the

#PAGE 10
passengers or baking (at which he is
first rate) for himself & partners,
he is a very nice fellow. Next a
young country fellow whom Jim has
made the boy & makes him clean the
things, A country carpenter a pp
[?] on [one?] night when he was
frightened he got a bottle of Holy Water
and used some of it to quiet
the storm & said we would be all
right after that. Above these are the
scotch mill wrights or engineers,
these very proper men. Next berth
below are the country Jocks & above
them is the Scotch man who dined with
us at the commencement of the voyage
Morris is his name I do not know who
he is but he has not much to say,
with him is only one other a village
black smith a rum looking individual
with a round head and red hair & a
pug nose a pp [?] easily frightened if
it blows a bit of a breeze at night any
hour he is sure to turn out and go on
deck he is called Hanlon, this is all
on our side on the other the first top
berth to our left is occupied by an old
man upwards of 60 years of age he is
going out to his son & says that he
will work very hard when he gets out
but I doubt he is past all work he
wears knee breaches [breeches?], his
daughter comes down to cook for his
[mess?] with him is a country fellow
who has been sick ever since we left,
and kicks up a row when he is roused
out in the morning & another young
man, below these are an old infantry
pensioner Mr Gilmore this is our
commissioner rouses us in the morning
and many a squabble he has to do it,
he thinks himself a splendid cook but
goodness knows I would rather not eat
some of his meals, & a young man from
the Belfast vitrol [vitriol?] works &
another chap who apes the Yankee,
right berth above are three young scotch

#PAGE 11
boys, below are Wm [William?] Birch (son
of the postmaster of Newry a quick kind
of young man, but he cannot see a stime
without his spectacles) & a young man
called Pat, next above are two
country fellows brothers, very quiet
because they have not got over their
sickness yet, below a young man
called Toms this fellow is always
running about joking & laughing in
fine weather, but when it blows he
slips into bed as quiet as a mouse,
next berth above three boys always
quarreling, below there is the
school master & two other young men,
and right is the hospital in which we
had to put a young country man who
has been sick ever since we left &
can eat nothing, a girl said to be
his wife comes & attends him all day
he is very ill, there are two
children ill in the other hold, we
have also here in a hammock W. Heyns
German boat man who is passenger cook
but all he does is to light the fires
& help to serve out provisions,
7 o'clock the wind has fallen a good
deal. The vessel that passed us on
Monday evening passed us again this
evening pretty close, on the opposite
tack, she must be going the same way
with us. Thursday 27 [May?] A fine
strong breeze & fair carrying on a
good rate, two vessels ahead which we
hope to overhaul. 6 o'clock p. m. we
have lost sight of them, it is thick
with rain we are flying along at the
rate of 10 knots an hour
Friday 28 [May?] A rough night last
night & still blowing fresh this
morning, we are going at a good rate,
got our place washed out today,
Saturday 29 [May?] It blew pretty
fresh last night but was ahead this
morning it is quite calm a lot of
porpoises went across the bow this
morning, they go head to wind.

#PAGE 12
Sunday 30 [May?] Calm all last night
but a fine breeze blowing this
morning we had service in the fore
hold at 11 o'clock same as last Sunday
1 o'clock vessel sailing very fast on
a wind 10 knots an hour. We had the shank
end of the ham for dinner today with potatoes
& turnip very fine, the cook boiled it
for us on Saturday evening
Wind fell away in the evening, had
service in the main hold at 7 p m two
vessels have been in sight all day
away far ahead. Monday 31 [May?] Very
little wind this morning no vessels
in sight. I saw a small shark swim
round the bow & down to the stern A
country chap opposite us says he lost
a small box with 4 half crowns in it
two little chaps beside him had their
boxes searched, as there were some
circumstance which threw suspicion on
them but nothing was found, the
matter went no further
Tuesday 1 June Last night was very
stormy this morning is not quite so
bad but still blowing fresh, ship
close [hauled?], going about 9 or 8
knots, I think she is on her course 7
o'clock very squally all evening
vessel under double reefed topsails
Wednesday 2 June Stormy night
but a good deal quieter this
morning quite calm in the
evening Thursday 3 [June?]
Still quite calm saw a school of
white porpoises this morning a sail
passed at a distance The hold was
washed out today & [---?] with tar &
oakum, Boiled the tongue yesterday &
had a piece of it today, very good, A
nice steady breeze sprung up in
the evening
Friday 4 [June?] A fine favourable
breeze which has continued all night.
We are now on the banks of New
Foundland it is quite thick. I am on
deck during the morning watch helping

#PAGE 13
to keep lookout (12 to 4) it was
quite foggy and the vessel sailing 7
or 8 Knots under all sail, the bell
ringing at intervals, it is quite
cold here. The spray from the bow at
night gleams lightly almost like
faint lightning. The Capt [Captian?]
asked me down to the cabin and gave
me a glass of brandy & we had some
chat, this is the first time he has
taken particular notice of me, before
I turned in it cleared up and wind
fell away
Saturday 5 [June?] Clear morning with
fine fresh breeze but increasing wind
ahead in the evening, ship lying to
Sunday 6 [June?] A fine morning but
wind still ahead Soon got quite thick
again bell kept ringing, a steam boat
passed us going same way at 2 a. m.
(I heard) 35 fathoms, passed three
fishing boats at 12 noon fore and aft
schooners of 50 or 60 tons 3 o'clock
45 fathoms very cold on deck and not
much warmer below, had service in
fore hold at 11 a. m. made a first
rate pudding for dinner, service at 7
p. m. in fore hold as the decks were
too wet for the master to go aft
Monday 7th [June?] Calm this morning
but fine not just so cold A vessel on
the lee bow far off thick as a hedge
all afternoon wind rising vessel
nearly on her course 41 fathoms A cod
fish passed swimming on its back
close to the vessel suppose it had
been hurted [hurt?] by a fisher. I
was leaning on some buttress but
ran on deck with all hands to see it.
There was a bird something like a
green canary flying about the rigging
today we have been dining on cold
ham with potatoes & turnip & tongue
for the last week, we do not like
ship beef & pork, we have pancakes or
a hot cake nearly every evening with
coffee, we had quit the tea as it was

#PAGE 14
bad, taking only stirabout & one egg
for breakfast we live very well that
nasty bell ringing away
Tuesday 8 [June?] Stormy & thick all
night & still continues, wind right
ahead vessel going along fast it is
ruinable weather this part as cold as
ice decks all wet but we are near the
land if the wind would only come
fair. Wednesday 9 [June?] Thick &
stormy all night but at 9 am this
morning the fog cleared away & the
sun came out wind still ahead we have
had no weather for fishing since we
came on the bank We are going to have
a right long passage two sails on
sight away to the windward today, one
a brig the Capt.[Captain?] thinks
he knows, the other a barque
Thursday 10th [June?] Fine night &
morning wind still ahead vessels a
good deal nearer the brig is not the
one the Capt [Captain?] thought 2
o'clock wind greatly freshened brig
fallen astern barque still about the
same place. A large ship passed right
across our bow this fore noon sailing
before the wind with all sails set
royal studding sails and the main
mast. I never saw a vessel under such
a cloud of canvas before, it was a
beautiful sight, just after she
passed we saw no less than seven
other sails all on the lee bow but
they were a long way off still very
cold but dry had the hold swept and
washed today & beds all on deck,
another sail passed us on the
opposite tack far away to the
She stood away past the barque both
on the same tack & in the evening we
went about & when the barque saw us
she did [so?] [as?] we passed her on
the weather side during the night
Friday 11 [June?] A miserable wet &
cold morning very little wind but

#PAGE 15
fair sea quite smooth no vessel to be
seen but they cannot be far off, one
of the men (Birch) had his water
stopped for not rising in time I
always turn out when wakened after
breakfast the second mate came down
with a dirty wet rope to haul Birch
out of bed when he was forced to get up
but he vows revenge against the Capt.
[Captain?] fine fair wind in the evening
but thick
Saturday 12th [June?] Cold thick
morning little wind but fair, an
ice berg seen early, round ahead in
the evening blowing fresh saw several
vessels one homeward bound pass close
to us with top gallant studding sails
set it is provoking to see vessels
pass with a fair wind and us lying to
but on the whole I am wonderfully
Sunday 13 [June?] last night very
wild wind ahead this morning fine
light wind coming fair the whales
seen early, quite calm all day, it
has been calm every Sunday since we
came saw a shoal of porpoises. A brig
in sight all day. Service in fore hold
at 11 o'clock the master makes beautiful
prayers & so earnest but I am sorry to
say that not more than half of the passengers
attend Had only a dumpling for dinner
no meat it was very good, s[--?]lt
was done but I cut some fat off the
ham, Service in the main hold at 7 p.m.
a wet evening
Monday 14 [June?] A fine fair wind
all night right aft, & going better
than 10 knots this morning, Still
very cold & decks wet, a brig in
company with us all morning she
signalised [signalized?] us, but this
poor vessel has neither halyards nor
signal book, although a good vessel
she is worse found in running rigging
&c [et cetera?] than many an old
collier & that is not saying much We

#PAGE 16
have gone ahead of the brig she is
now astern, (soon) wind fell away in
the evening
Tuesday 15 [June?] Fair wind but
light all night & this evening we are
in the gulf of St Lawrence passed
Breton Island today a good many sails
in sight passed the Magdallen
[Magadalen?] Islands & the bird
rocks, two large rocks like the
[-?]ass, the birds flew home in 50's
or so, large as a goose pure white
with the ends of the wings black, &
orange heads, there were other kinds
of small ducks all black except the
breast which was white, very little
wind in the evening
Wednesday 16 [June?] almost calm
continuing to rain no land in sight
Water very bad yesterday for the
[first?], better today a new cask
being broached, a perfect calm all
day, never saw the sea so quiet
smooth as mirror, two or three
little green & yellow birds have been
flying about the rigging since
Thursday 17 [June?] Light wind but
not very favourable a large Island in
sight on the weather side, got the
pilot on board in the afternoon off
lower end of the Island of Anticosti
Friday 18 [June?] A stiff breeze
blowing nearly ahead we stood so
close to Anticosti that we saw the
trees as thick as possible all over,
it blew very hard all day we were
tacking back & forward all the time,
one tack near the land she missed
stays twice & we had to [-?]ear ship,
we got a slant in the evening when she
went near about her course
Saturday 19 Wind ahead again but not
so strong we are now at the upper end
of Anticosti Snow on the hills on the
main land but a fine morning a good
many large vessels have passed us

#PAGE 17
yesterday & today homeward bound with
a fine fair wind, studding
Sunday 20 [June?] Made a little last
night but a headwind today, but fine,
tacking back and forward at 7
islands, first few days in the Gulf
the sea had a dirty appearance but
today it is green again, the 7
islands appear to be just great bare
rocks, service twice as usual on
Sunday, no wind in the evening, we
have had very little flesh meat this
week and today it was finished we do
not use the ships
Monday 21 [June?] A nice favourable
breeze but light a [and?] calm in the
Tuesday 22 [June?] Calm this morning
and warm a great many vessels coming
down the river 16 or 17 all barques
except two brigs, A man in our end
has something like small pox Capt
[Captain?] thinks it is not but it is
very like it this may detain us at
quarantine we got as much water as we
wanted yesterday & today, land on
each side this last week or so 20 or
25 miles broad here, we can now see
houses all along the shore on the
left hand side quite thick and fire
burning all day, a nice little breeze
in the evening, a sea bird came
floating down to us on a bit of wood
and afterwards two other sticks
[----?] Our pilot and the pilot of
a barque that came near had a long
parley, could not make out one word,
a very warm day this has been, had a
biscuit pudding for dinner and tea,
Calm all evening
Wednesday 23 [June?] Head wind this
morning but light, opposite the same
hill that we were at all yesterday
we saw a vessel away ahead yesterday
going same way today we are tacking
together, she is from Malta 62 days
out several vessels going home, I was

#PAGE 18
up in the fore top yesterday. A man
in the other end (another lame school
master) had a child sick for the last
fortnight or so, a little girl, 12
months old, it died this evening. A
horrid ugly red headed old woman
kicked up a row today fiting
[fighting?] with another woman the
Capt.[Captain?] separated them with
a belaying pin after a while she
commenced to another woman when she was
hauled up and tied to the mizzen
rigging fiting [fighting?] and
scolding all the time calling the
Capt. [Captain?] all sorts of names,
she is now locked up by herself
Thursday 24 [June?] I was up till 3
o'clock last night helping to work
ship the wind was ahead but light and
we had a good deal of lightning
(shaft), this morning there is very
little wind with some rain Last night
after the lamp had been anchored and
all in bed were asleep a fellow was
caught in the act of stealing
anothers bread and he got a right
beating and sent on deck (about 1
o'clock) Our smokers are all reduced
to the necessity of smoking tea for
the last week all the tobacco being
done, & this morning at 10 a. m. a
small schooner was near us & we
hailed her but she had nothing but
eggs & butter, after manouvering for
near an hour (in almost a calm) to
get him alongside a small slant of
wind came and we bore away from him,
Quite thick in the evening, the lead
kept going 7 1/2 to 17 fathoms near
Green Island, on which there is a gun
fired every half hour we have to keep
silence at the expected time
Friday 25 [June?] Stores for three
days served out, which we were all in
great need of, last night I awoke
hearing a great noise and the vessel
all shaking I thought we were in

#PAGE 19
breakers and was going to turn out
when I minded it was the anchor cast
to wait the return of the tide which
runs here, Carpenter made a small
coffin today, Came up with a brig at
anchor a boat came along side of her
at same time, spoke him and asked for
tobacco, boat had been ashore and
could get none sailing now along with
us. I have just been on deck to see a
shoal of white porpoises, She came up
with 3 loaded vessels at anchor
lowered the boat and the second mate
went to them for tobacco while he was
away a shore boat came alongside with
tobacco & eggs, he sold the tobacco
as fast as he could lift it at 6 per
stick 1/8 of a pound worth 1/ or 1/6
per pound here. I got 1 1/2 dozen
eggs for 1/-. Came to anchor at 3 p.m.
lowered the boat and sent the dead
child ashore with the father. Still
quite thick just got one glimpse of
the land it is very high here, boat
came back at 1/2 past 4 p.m. when we
saw her coming we raised anchor &
made sail.
Saturday Up at 3 this morning with
some others lifted every box in the
place and washed it well, the
anchor was down from 2 to 3 a. m.
twice a cross current running, going
along nicely with a light air and the
tide in the evening, later in the
evening got up to the quarantine
ground Grose Isle
Sunday 27 [June?] Doctor came on
board at 7 a. m. examined us all on
account of the man with small pox got
our beds and some provisions & sent
the sick man was sent to hospital and
we were put in a large house with
bunks on each side same as aboard,
there are about a dozen of such
houses on the Island we were confined
to one end and could not go over
pailings [palings?] Sunday and all as

#PAGE 20
it was the women started to washing
bed clothes &c [et cetera?] in a
large house convenient for the
purpose, fitted up with troughs along
both sides four stacks of chimneys
with three boilers in each with a
fire place below them & eight fires
for cooking, they were all occupied
from 12 o'clock till nine when they
were stopped
There is a church and a chapel here
very neat but small the clergyman
invited us to go to church and we had
a special service at 3 1/2 p. m. he
is a very nice young man the houses
here are all built of wood overlaping
[overlapping?] like the planks of a
boat roofed with split wood called
shingles they just look like slates.
There are no regular inhabitants here
all leave in the winter, no
cultivated land here, we got fresh
beef & milk & bread for dinner (at
the store) cooked it ourselves, the
land is all rocky with small trees,
saw a small snake in the wood beside
the grave yard where there are some
head stones erected one very nice
monument to the memory of four
doctors and 5,424 people who left
Ireland in 1847 to settle in America
but found only a grave.
Monday 28 [June?] Henry Jenkinson
offered to get his sister and one or
two more to was [wash?] for me so I
got soap and what dirty things and
got them all nicely washed and
splendidly dried on the rocks in two
or three hours time had my blanket
& quilt & sheets washed, doctor came
at 3 p. m. & counted us out and we
went down to the boats and got all on
board at four, set sail with both
wind and tide and cast anchor off
Quebec at 10 p m Capt. [Captain?]
served out a couple of glasses of rum
all round and we had a song or two

#PAGE 21
and the Capt. [Captain?] and some of
the crew danced reels, we went to bed
at twelve o'clock
Tuesday 29th [June?] Dressing in the
morning when I was called for on deck
to see some one jumped up and found
Andy alongside in a boat but he could
not come up, went down into the
mizzen chains and shook hands with
him and found he had been here from
1st June and also at Toronto, got
ashore with him in the evening and