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Title: Extract of a Letter on Canadian Emigration
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
Sender Genderunknown
Sender Occupationunknown
Sender Religionunknown
Recipient Genderunknown
Relationshipre emigration
SourceThe Belfast Newsletter, Tuesday, 19 June, 1827
ArchiveThe Central Library, Belfast
Doc. No.9802464
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by LT, 09:02:98.
Word Count424

As the spirit for emigration has become so very prevalent
of late, we think the information contained in the following
extract, will be acceptable to those families who are
intending to leave their native homes, and also to those who
have relations in America:-


Among the many accounts which of late have appeared
respecting emigration to our American colonies the following
deserves notice, from its conciseness and apparent candour.
It is an extract of a letter from a gentleman in Montreal to
his friend, dated 15th January, 1827, and is the result of
observations made after a ten years residence in that
country: -
"I am grieved to perceive that the distress amongst
my countrymen is in no way alleviated. What a pity it is
that Government does not take some effective measures to
promote emigration to this country on a large scale?
Starvation here is known only by name. The lowest class of
industrious people can always make a substantial living,
provisions being cheap and abundant. Our climate is much
healthier than yours, and our soil is no way inferior, while
thousands of miles of excellent land are tenanted only by
the wolf and bear. The manner in which a labouring man gets
on in the woods is this - he hires himself to a settler some
time established, nigh his own land, for a month, and is
paid in flour, potatoes, pork, &c., there being little or no
money.- these provisions enable him to work a month or two
on his own farm. he again goes out, again resumes his labour
for himself, and has for the second year enough of the
substantials of life, say Indian corn, wheat, potatoes, &c.;
and, as there are neither rents nor taxes, he, after the
third year, cannot consume all he raises so he barters away
his supplies for other necessaries or luxuries. This cleared
land is annually increasing in extent - his comforts are
multiplying, he is without debts or other cares incident to
life in Europe.- He is independent of foreign contingencies.
Even his clothes are manufactured by his own family, or by
his neighbour, who takes pay in kind. His cattle are
increasing, and, at the end of 15 or 20 years he can leave
his family easy. This life, it seems to me, is far superior
to that of a labourer or mechanic in towns, where scarcity
of employment, dearth of provisions, and lowness of wages
are perpetual sources of misery and discontent."