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Title: Letter from Oregon [U.S.A.].
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
Sender Genderunknown
Sender Occupationunknown
Sender Religionunknown
OriginOregon City, Oregon, USA
Recipient Genderunknown
Relationshipre living in the USA
SourceThe Vindicator, Belfast, 27 September 1845.
ArchiveThe Linenhall Library, Belfast.
Doc. No.9409110
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by LT, 08:09:1994
Word Count577
TranscriptLetter from Oregon. - Oregon City, April 14. - I am much
better pleased with Oregon than I expected to be on my
arrival at this place, which, though it is a growing business
place, is not so pleasantly situated as many other
town sites in Oregon. I have recently returned from the
great valley of the Crede River, which enters into the
Williamette Falt, and am as much pleased with that
part of the country. It is mostly an open prairie, though
sufficiently timbered for good farms, and the soil is
equal to any part of the Missouri or Illinois. The valley
is just beginning to be settled, many of the late
emigrants having settled there, among them General
Gillam, Colonel Ford and Colonel Thom, who commanded the
company that crossed the Missouri at the Council Bluffs.
Mr.Shaw is also settled in this beautiful valley; he
brought with him a flock of sheep, and, I believe, did
not lose one on the trip. When at his house on the
Creole River, I counted 25 lambs from his flock of 20
sheep. Another river enters the Williamette also on the
West side, 43 miles above the mouth of the Creole, which
streams from an immense plain on a great bend of the
Williamette, 30 miles in extent from north to south,
with out a hill, while high hills surrounded the streams some
ten miles from their junction with the Williamette. From
the top of these you have a grand prospect of the
surrounding country and behold the snow capped summits
of Mounts Hood, Jefferson, and St.Helena. These hills are
excellent for stock, being well watered and covered the
year round with green grass. The Twallatty Plain is also
a fine prairie country, 30 miles west of this place. The
Clatsop Plains are also highly spoken of at the mouth of
the Columbia River, though it is a small open country,
surrounded by a dense forset, which I have not yet
visited. There is a sawmill 30 miles from the Clatson
Plains. General Gillam and Mr. J. O'Neill are building
a sawmill and a grist-mill on the Creole River, which
they will have in operation this summer. Major Harns
and others will soon start to view out a road from the
head-waters of the Williamette valley. A word
about prices - common labourers get a dollar per day
here and board themselves; wheat is worth a dollar
per bushell, and as we are not yet annoyed with
any Scutapo, people do not waste their time at any
tippling-shops - for we have none. Only let the government
of the United States extend the national
jurisdiction over this country and enable us to go an
as we have begun, and if any country could resemble
Paradise, it would be Oregon. But many are
becoming disheartened at the tardy movement of
Congress in relation to American citizens in this
valuable portion of our domain. If Congress
intends to lend a hand to the infant colony here,
now numbering 5,000 souls, let it be done in this
our time of need, otherwise, we shall soon be
compelled to depend upon our own resources for
protection and defence from foreign power. Please send
several of your papers here by the next emigration,
as they will be read with interest by all Americans in
the country. We are not strong but look at the
American flag as our own and long to see it floating
constantly on the waters of the Columbia.