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Title: Mary Adams, Monticello to Reverend William J. Stavely, Ballymoney
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileAdams, Mary/75
SenderAdams, Mary
Sender Genderfemale
Sender Occupationhousewife
Sender Religionunknown
OriginMonticello (Virginia?), USA
DestinationBallymoney, N. Ireland
RecipientRev. William J. Stavely
Recipient Gendermale
SourceD 1835/27/2/2: Deposited by Greer Hamilton and Gailey, Solicitors, High Street, Ballymoney, County Antrim.
ArchiveThe Public Record Office, Northern Ireland.
Doc. No.9310016
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogAction By Date Document added by C. R., 01:10:1993
Word Count1119
TranscriptLetter from Mary Adams,
Monticello, USA, to Reverend William J. Stavely,
Corkey, Ballymoney, County, Antrim. February 17, 1818.

Monticello February 17th 1818.
Dear Sir
With feelings of the greatest gratitude and
affection I received your letter of the 19th of August. Dear
to my heart are the friends of early life. Among those C. Hall
and your family hold the most distinguished place. Melancholy
is the recital you have given of poor Ireland. When I perused
your letter I could [-----?] say whether pacified sympathy for
my native country or joy that my family escaped such
complicated misery predominated in my bosom. That you suffer
so much is extremely painful to my mind. Most ardently I wish
that Drumrardin [?] was sold, if you delivered from every
embarrassment upon that account. I am truly grateful to you
for feeling so much interest in our honor and integrity. Every
wish of my heart is in union with your request. At present it
is not in my power to meet your wishes. But in the [-?]all of
the Almighty spare our lives I hope we shall be able. I shall
now give you a statement of your affairs. Our small stock
kitchen utensils, and a few articles indispensably necessary
cost us about one hundred dollars. This is an expense that we
will not again require to incur. We have provisions laid in
for six months, there is fifty dollars due us and at the first
of May Ann's people will owe her about sixty dollars, and mine
will owe me about 160. This money we cannot raise until the
Fall as people here make payments only once in the year. That
is after the sale of their cotton crop. They then pay the
debts contracted in the last year, lay in a stock for the
ensuing one. And whatever money may be redundant, they lay out
to the best advantage, either in land, stock, negroes, or
perhaps place it in the Bank. Our situation however is
precarious, and I am not certain if Ann's payments will be so
regular as mine. This my dear Sir is a correct statement, and
I hope God who has planted a seed of Justice in our breast,
will also bestow the means of acting uprightly. Mr. Davis is
uniformly my friend, his advice is ever ready, and his
concurrence to every thing that is for my interest. There is
scarcely an article which Mr. Davis does not send me a part
of. They both say they esteem me as their own child. Indeed
the friendship of the people to us is astonishing. One person
sent us a present of more than one hundred of fine flour.
Another gave fodder for our cattle and another sent us
upwards of forty pounds of prime beef. But it would be endless
to repeat every instance of generosity. Still we have
drawbacks upon our comfort. The distance is great to Mr.
Kelly's place of worship, and you will be surprised, when I
tell you I have not heard him preach since I came to this
neighbourhood. From the place where my Father lived in summer,
we could have gone to hear him once a month, and would have
thought little of the fatigue but we were denied that
pleasure. My cousin Mrs. Bones absolutely forbid our going. Or
if we should all pro[-----torn]ion and friendship from them
should cease our [---damaged] [-----torn] was unprotected, and
by doing so we should incur cen[sure?] [----torn] that we are
unprotected we truly feel. This we are su[-----torn] without a
religious acquaintance of our own profession. And without
access to the Ordinances of the Church we wished to
communicate with. From this view of the subject you will
perceive, that we must either live in our unprotected state
entirely dependant upon the will of others, or take a step
which would for a time disconnect us with the Church. Ann is
near enough to attend Mr. Kelly's ministrations, but she is
not her own mistress in this respect. A circumstance which
depresses her beyond description. Mr Rogers is the only
person we occassionally [occasionally?] hear. He preaches
excellent calvanisitic [Calvinistic?] sermons, and many of his
people are pious, but the discipline of his Congregation is
lax. Here the Covenanters occassionally [occasionally?] here
[hear?] preachers of other denominations which is not against
their standing in the Church. I am sorry to say Mr. Kelly did
not pay much attention to us. I wrote him importunably [?]
requesting a personal interview, of [or?] if that was not
convenient I requested him to write. He did not condescend to
answer my letter. I beg my dear Sir you will give me your
Advice how to see in this dark path.
I frequently wish you were in the United States. Confident I
am it would be the best thing you could do for your rising
family America presents an infinity of resources for the
industrious. She is always extending her territories, so that
an ample field is afforded for agriculture. Congress has
purchased from the Indians an extensive tract of land known by
the name of the Western Territory. I have been told that it
contains nearly as much as the United States at the
commencement of their independence. Part of it is situated on
the River Alabama West of Georgia and it is thought to be the
most fertile land in the world. Commerce is flourishing, the
staple article Cotton is so high at 35 dollars per hundred.
The people are remarkably forward in promoting learning,
establishing public seminaries, and encouraging the arts and
[-----?]. This settlement is considered one of the wealthiest
in the Union. The planters are as rich as [-----?],
intelligent and active. To give you an idea of their annual
profits Mr. Davis has this year made 40 Bales of Cotton each
Bale sold at 100 dollars the total amount 4000 dollars.
I wrote Jane in November and shall soon write her
again. I have wrote to A. Adams by this conveyance. Be so good
as to write me soon and often your Letter I shall ever prize
most highly. Tell John and Mary I shall write them and hope to
receive many letters from them. Indeed I was very proud of
their little epistles.
My Father Mother and Eliza join love to you Jane, the children
and C. Hall Family. With esteem I remain your most
respectful amd affectionate cousin
Mary Adams
PS. I fear you cannot read this scrawl. Direct your letter to
Monticello Post Office Fairfield S. [South?] Carolina. Letters
by the Northen States will reach us as soon as those by the
Southern. It will perhaps be better that you will not show
this letter to any person.