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Title: John James Murphy to Martin Murphy, 22 August 1866
CollectionArgentina - Murphy
SenderMurphy, John James
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationcattle breeder
Sender Religionunknown
OriginUncalito, Argentina
DestinationHaysland, Co. Wexford, Ireland
RecipientMurphy, Martin
Recipient Gendermale
Doc. No.
Partial Date
Doc. Type
Word Count988
Genreemigration, bills, stock, local economy, politics, birth, family, emigration
TranscriptFlor del Uncalito

My Dear Friends,
By your letter of the 7th June, which duly came to hand, I perceive you had no account of the arrival of the Zingara at that time. Also that you had not received the letter I sent containing the particulars about the bill and the passengers, with the articles they brought me, all of which was right and safely delivered. I see by your letter also that there are some doubts of Cullin and wife coming out to me. I would sooner they stop at home unless they feel as eager to come as I am to bring them. They are to render me no service whatever but what I have to pay them for consequently they please me when they please themselves. As to the premium on the bill, you may tell them in the Bank that their bill would not be accepted by any firm here without paying a discount of (if I remember right) 8 per cent. Bills taken out in any of the United Kingdoms for this country is a loosing business. Better for people bringing money out or sending money out here to send it in specia by the Mail packets or other ships by paying freight and insurance on it, which will be at least 3 per cent less than the discount on bills here. But luckily for me that Captain Stocks was taking home money with him. I sold it to him at par. Otherwise, I should have lost heavily as Wanklin, that represents himself as a branch of the National Bank here, offered me £252 for it, which was a discount of £18 off £270, good business that.
Dear Brother, I am sorry to hear of the loss you and James had in your young stock at bad season. I fear there is a great deal owing to the attention given them in Ballyconnor during the winter, and I think from the way corn and hay is selling these past years, it would pay to spend it on the young stock, providing they be a good quality. John Cullin told me by a letter from his brother he sold his three bullocks at Castlebridge for £10 each. Other years he says they would have got £14, but they care them well and he says it pays better to use the corn on them than sell it. They sold one loose an animal from the attention given them, and the few head that James and you lost perhaps the corn you sold will not replace them. I have known little losses where cattle was properly attended to, and those trusting to the care of men run the risk of bring more or less neglected.
Dear Friends, the times in this country news looked more than at this present moment. All class of business is in a state of stagnation, money scarce, and bills difficult to be collected. The new wool tariff that's spoken of in North America will be a great stroke against the sale of wool in the Bs. As. market, as our principal buyers was North America. This government spoke of putting on an export duty on wool, but they were opposed very strongly and it's probable the profit may fall to the ground. The government had not as yet decided on the sale of the public lands nor have they settled on the prices. They are getting opposition as to the supposed high price they have been expecting by the previous law of 1864. The best project brought in by the governor was at as redeemed price of 75 per cent, but the people are still demanding a greater redemption, and it's thought they will succeed in setting it.
Dear Brother, I see by the Standard of 15th August that the Zingara arrived in Liverpool on the 7th June, and I hope you had an account of her in due time. I note your remarks in the paper you sent me written by pencil, but I do not understand the reason of them being stroked across, unless to induce me not to take notice of them. Brother William has got a young son last Friday. They were all well and happy since then. I have [torn] heard nothing but I am on my way there now to [torn] and it was only the day of her confinement I left there, being over to see them. There has no letter yet arrived, but perhaps I may get one at the port now, if not I may get some particulars from William, as I expect he may have got one from the Mrs. friends. The last letter I sent was stamped to go post FRA. Let me know if you receive as such. This shall also leave post paid. The sheep and camps out here are in splendid condition, but in many places they are still suffering for want of pasture, and the heavy storms of rains we had lately. Capones (weathers) are selling at 45 dollars, but I am holding out for higher prices, as it's ever difficult to get animals now fit for the market, unless about here. I forward with some papers a small pamphlet titled The Emigrant's Guide, written by a particular friend of mine, the contents of which you may rely on to be genuine. If at the People office they would undertake to print some copies of them, I think they would sell well and would also be of great service to those that think of emigrating to this country. I recommend it highly. The author is also a constant correspondent to the Standard. He wrote very good articles. He signs himself Dick.
No letter this packet. All the boys well. My love to brothers and sisters, and I remain as ever your dear and affectionate brother,

John Murphy