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Title: O'Sullivan, Edward to Downing, John, 1857
CollectionOceans of Consolation [D. Fitzpatrick]
SenderO'Sullivan, Edward
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationdigger
Sender Religionunknown
OriginVictoria, Australia
DestinationKenmare, Co. Kerry
RecipientDowning, John
Recipient Gendermale
Doc. No.
Partial Date
Doc. Type
Word Count708
Genretrade, labour
Sandy Creek Diggings
July 6th. 1857
Dear John,
I for the first time embrace the opportunity of writing you these few
lines hoping to find you Lucey and the children all in as good health as
this leaves Flory and myself at present thanks be to god. Also I hope Eliza
and James & family are well. I always had information through Richd's
letters how you were getting on as well as of his own private matters which
was always gratifying to me to hear.
Dear John we have enclosed in this note to you the sum of fifteen
pounds drawn in Dunolly [another hand: Maryborough] July 7th. on the
Bank of Victoria No. 974, which I hope you will get with safty. It is not much
but at the same time it may be some help as a little at home is better than a
great dale here. There is no great dale of Comfort in this Country. Jack is as
good as his Master and every man man must work for his livelihood even
men better than 60 years of age and perhaps may have 4 or 5 sons men and
not eased the more from being employed to make out his living.
As for tradesmen there are as many of them on the diggings if not
more than of any other class of people. Boot and shoemakers are little
needed here to the exception of a few, the generality of the people wearing
English and American Work which is no more than something more than
one third of the price of the colonial work. I dar Say there is not one out
of forty wears colonial worked Boots or shoes. The price you give here for
a pair of English Bleuchers [Bluchers] is 12, to 14s/- and Colonial 30s/-, for
Wellington Boots English made £1 or £1/5s- and for Colonial £3/10 to
£4/- also for Riding boots £5/-. The Maker is generaly allowed half price
for Making any shoes or boots Say for Bleuchers 30s/ the Maker gets 15
out of it. There are very few dealing in this trade as in all stores there is
boots and shoes kept for sale as well as any other article.
I am well acquainted with a chap from Macroom a closer by trade
his name is Creed. Very likely Dan Sullivan Master W. H. [workhouse]
knew his Father I beleive a Schoolmaster, or if he did not the Matron of
the W. H. did. He is doing very well, keeps one or two men at work to
make a pair for any man who may give his measure out of every 30 or 40
pair of English work that he sells and is chiefly employed in brushing off
the dust of the work hanging in his place. You can judge how things stood
when there was only him and three more Kept a Boot and shoe store, that
is living by the bare trade itself without Keeping any other goods where
there was a population of 20,000 or 30,000 people on a large rush named
China mans flat.
I would not recommend to Tradesmen or domestic Servants to come
to this Country that is if there was any young or helpless family with them.
Give me no male or female for this Country but the young and Strong
Constitutioned persons that will be able to endure with hardships both
rough and smooth when put to it and Moreover Men as their first resource
to look to is the Gold Diggings and indeed they will not have the warm
houses th[e]y have at home too. Let them say to themselves that they must
be satisfied to live in a Tent 8 by 10 or what is considered a large Size 10
X 12 made of strong calico which is cold in winter and hot in summer,
mostly suffocating.
Dear John there is a letter with this to Richd. and a draft also for
him for £35 drawn on the same Bank as yours No. 975.
Dear John you can see at any time more information in my letters to
Richd—I am yours truly
Edward O Sullivan

Mr. John Downing—Boot & Shoemaker
Kenmare Co. Kerry Ireland