|Henry Coulter, [New Brunswick?], to Rev William Moreland, Co Down.
|Irish Emigration Database
|mentions working in a vineyard and getting his own piece of
|St. Stephen's, N. Brunswick, Canada
|Co. Down, N.Ireland
|Rev. William Moreland
|T3032/1/1: Presented by R.H Elliott, 25 Knockdene Pk Nth, Belfast.
|The Public Record Office, Belfast.
|Document added by LT, 10:06:1994.
|St. Stephen's N.B. [New Brunswick?]
June 14th, 1820.
My kind, and Dear Sir,-
I received your welcome and very satisfactory
letter, a day or two after the arrival of our common friend, Capt.
[Captain?] Pollock. I thank you, from my heart, - it was exactly
such a letter as I like to receive, - dense in its lines, as even
the Grecian phalanx of old - full of good matter - and in Mr.
Moreland's own style.
I rejoice my Dear friend, to hear of your health holding good, and
that the same blessing attends your worthy family at large. Mine
has been excellent since I last saw you, which (unregenerate as my
heart is) sometimes causes a gleam of affection and thanks to arise
in my bosom for such an inestimable blessing among strangers. Mr.
Livingston, also, remembered me kindly - so did both the Messrs.
Campbell - so that (as I tell Rev. [Reverend?] Campbell) I have had
"a Lord Mayor's feast" this Spring.
I am sorry to hear of times being so bad in poor Ireland. The
same difficulties appear to pervade the whole of this Continent
also. Farming produce manufactures - wages (of every description),
value of property - all sunk - sunk to nothing throughout the States
- and leaving a deficit in the Treasury Box, at Washington, of some
millions of doll. [dollars?] to be provided for by [---?].
These distresses prevail, chiefly, in the interior and Western
States, where farming produce will not pay for carriage to market.
They are rid of one difficulty, however, in the States, which exists
in the Old Country = there are not so many starving mechanics to
hang idle on the public, as appears in England and Scotland.
The farmers in the Western States of Ohio - Kentucky - Tennessee -
Alabama - Indiana &c. [et cetera?] (where landed purchases were
mostly made these 20 years past) from all I can hear, are, for the
greater part, ruined. Those who made purchases, and paid only in
part, have been unable, from the depression of markets, to fulfil
or meet their engagements; in consequence of which vast numbers
have been turned off their lands by the merciless proprietors.
Pittsburgh (likely to be so famous) is gone to wreck.
Manufactures, and duties thereon, have fallen there, within these 2
1/2 years, from the proportion of -- to 4 1/2 ! This was publicly
stated in Congress. Lands are, still, from 5 to 2 doll. [dollars?],
per acre, through the States.-- We are likely to set about farming
in these provinces now. A number of provincial - County - and
parochial farming societies have been formed during last winter,
which will rouse these good folks from their present apathy, and
give life and activity to agricultural pursuits. Govt.
[Government?] has also granted a large sum of money to be
appropriated to the purchase of seed grain - farming implements &c.
[et cetera?] for those who are unable of themselves. Committees
have, also, been appointed, in different places, to direct emigrants
to lands or employment. This Country improves in my opinion every
day. There is nothing but a small capital wanting to enable a man
to farm successfully here, and live happily, - suppose he wish not
to dip too deep in the luxury of fine society.
My brother and I are getting land in the parish of St. David's,
one mile from the salt water: the land is excellent, but, in the
woody state. I intend to exercise myself upon it, until Capt.
[Captain?] Pollock's return here - my engagement here ending on the
31st inst. [instant?].
I am afraid the troubles in Ireland may be the means of preventing
the cultivation of the Country, and produce some bad consequences
after the uproar has subsided, as it soon will, like all the rest of
our Irish bubbles.
I see, by the newspapers sent me, that the judges on the Circuit
have made pretty quick work this last Spring. Your next County Cess
will be weighty on account of the quantity of Hempen cordage
consumed at your public exhibitions in the assize towns !
We come now as Mr. McCollough says, to touch upon your Clerical
woes and troubles! I am surprised to hear of the Belfast Presbytery
opposing the introduction of such a promising germ, as "felon"
Gibson appears to be. They must be afraid of you Bangor heretics
spoiling his Orthodoxy! Hanna and the "Cormorant" are, certainly,
obliging you very much by their timely accusation of this Culprit;
his introduction among you could be a matter of no rejoicing. From
what you say, he may be the founder of a new Era in Philosophy -
Metaphysics - and even Hydraulics! As he can philosophise without a
material subject - touch what is not tangible - draw "torrents of
crimson" from an immaterial source!
I have positively enjoined Campbell to ride to every presbytery
where his trials and arraignments may take place, and "cast a stone
at Stephen". After all he must be more knave than fool, since he
knew well how to bait his hook to catch all the old wigs in
When I read yours - I fancied I saw poor Gowdie's shade peeping,
from among some of the old timbers in the tottering roof of
Ballywalter meeting house, at Gibson, in his former, and decently
filled, pulpit; and, with a stern look, (if aerial forms have
muscles) and tumultuous sighs, taking a final farewell to
I wish Skelly may get through with his Crim Csn [criminal
conspiracy?] business, he has a "thorny path" to tread when the
Elders and Dills are before him.
In regard of the Presbyterian Church of New Brunswick, I can
briefly inform you, that it is, at present, under the guidance and
pastoral care of two Cidevant seceding Clergymen, and a married
probationer of the same zealous sect,-- viz [vide licet?] A Mr.
Gamble, formerly of Newry - a Wilson from about Ballymena - and
licentiate Fleming. These have, very formally, constituted
themselves into a Presbytery - have had two or three "sederants" in
St. Andrew's - and, finally have given no little disquietude &c. [et
cetera?] fear to his Reverence the Rector, who cannot guess what a
They come on very middlingly; as between external foibles, and
internal jealousies of one another, they are, easily seen through.
In relation to your humble servant, he is (and has been) a "Sloth
in the vine yard" these 14 Calendar months - and the next in which
he labours will be his own. That hot bed you mention will be fully
sufficient to raise, in true mushroom style a copious supply for our
holy and well united Church so that I can without, any loss to the
fraternity, lie up, like another "Sheer Hulk" in harbour. I have
heard nothing of McCormick yet.
There are a great number of Missionaries going, of late, from the
States to the different Indian nations North West of the Mississippi
and Missouri. I wish these make the honest, but much injured and
misrepresented Indians either more happy, or better in morals. They
are an honest - affectionate and worthy people. I have had much
Conversation with several of the tribe that inhabit here; and,
without hesitation, can pronounce them [superior?] in truth -
benevolence - modesty - virtue in general, to their white, Christian
neighbours. I was up in the woods, last winter, seeing the interior
of the Country, (along with a Mr. Hill of this place who was
visiting his timbering crews) about 90 miles in - and we experienced
the utmost hospitality and kindness from these Indians in their
wigwams at night. In short - they shame our good polished folks
altogether. Their numbers are diminishing, however, throughout the
Continent. This tribe (the Passamaquoddy) is now reduced to 300
warriors, and 1200 in all.- The United States have admitted two new
States into the Union this meeting of Congress: Maine and Missouri.
Missouri would not enter the league without the privilege of holding
slaves! and after a congressional debate of six weeks - and coming
to this conclusion - "slavery is a less evil in the States than any
recrimination, or spirit of acrimony, among the numbers of the
congress or Senate"! The members from all the Northern States
firmly opposed such an admission - but were outvoted by those
advocates of liberty from the Southern States, who were interested
in holding their fellow men in Slavery! One Dagget, from New
Hampshire, voted for Slavery - his effigy was burned in the City of
Hartford, with the motto "Dagget and Slavery forever"! affixed over
his head. So much for freedom.
To conclude, on American affairs - Taxes are got weighty in the
States, and a large national debt incurred. Three severe new taxes
were laid on this last session to provide for its redemption; it
amounts to sixty eight millions of dollars they are [--?]
devoting from [---?] year to the building and equipment of a navy.
My brother has entered into the Matrimonial alliance, last
Christmas, with a young Miss Randolph, an agreeable girl, and with
whom he has a good prospect of mutual affection and happiness.
I propose to myself, Dear friend, the pleasure of seeing you about
October or November. I already anticipate the pleasure of seeing
you all; while, at the same time, I know what a qualm my departure
(forever) again will create in a heart ill calculated to bear a
separation from those whom I must ever love and esteem. Should the
dangers of the sea - or any other futurities prevent me from seeing
you - God bless you, and preserve you in happiness.
To Mrs Moreland present my best wishes and compliments - to Mary -
James etc. [etcetera?] Farewell - and, believe me, I am yours
P.S. [Post Script?] I enclose in this a burlesque Christmas piece
to our Clough friend which you can give him any time when passing
through, as I could not enclose it in his letter, which will,
likely, be posted etc. [et cetera?]
I also send you a few Newspapers. - There are some ill done pieces
in them Signed - Oscar - from the pen of your [--?].
Please to throw them past - as I have the rest of the file, and wish
to preserve them.
We get news here of all descriptions from Europe in the course of
from 20 to 30 days. I see the London Conspirators have tripped
it. Dear Sir, have the goodness to let Mr. Livingston know that
having nothing new to write, and besides having the expectation of
seeing him soon, I have deferred writing him. Also Mr. McNamara,
who teaches with him - that I cannot in a letter explain on what he
writes - but will soon verbally.