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Title: Earl of Ava, [Mexico?] to the Marchioness of Dufferin & Ava
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileEarl of Ava, Archibald/12
SenderArchibald, Earl of Ava
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationarmy officer
Sender Religionunknown
RecipientHariot, Marchioness of Dufferin & Ava
Recipient Genderfemale
SourceD/1231/G/2/100: Deposited by Lady Hermione Blackwood
ArchiveThe Public Record Office, Northern Ireland
Doc. No.9808242
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by LT, 11:08:98.
Word Count590
Transcript[----?] House
4th Apl 93 [1893?] San Pedro [Chih-----?

My dear Mama
Tomorrow I leave for the railway & get to El Paso for
on 11th where my letters are waiting. The post is so uncertain
here that I am glad I did not attempt to have them forwarded.
I have had a good time & have got rid of that cough which is a
blessing. I've shot some duck & snipe though it is too late in
the year really for it. Uruston who is Scobells partner has
shot numbers of bear but they are not out yet. This is a huge
ranche [ranch?] in a mountainous country the ranges being
divided by rolling plains on which are thousands of cattle.
Delaval Beresford is thirty miles off buried in the mountains.
We rode over & stayed a couple of days. The cattle business
here has not been a passing one the last few years owing to
bad prices & want of rain, but they are hoping for a change
Their spring "round up" begins on the 15th of the month & there
will be 25,000 head cattle gathered together.
This land not being fenced, as it mostly is in the States now,
there is a lot of work to be done cutting out etc.
Scobell is fencing his land now & so will turn other ranch's
cattle off.
They are short of horses or else I think I would have stopped
here instead of going to Texas. I have seen a small "round up"
both of cattle & horses. The mexicans are celebrated for their
riding & lassonig [lassoing?]. They never call it by the later
name bere they always use [---?] and "roping".
It is very pretty to see them going full gallop after something
swinging the rope & then seeing the loop settle on the animals
head. Also to see them "forefooting" which means catching the
animals by the forefeet instead of round the neck. You see a
colt going full galop & next minute it describes a couple of
somersaults in the air, & the loop drawn tight above his
fillocks. The young mexicans begins roping as soon as he can
walk practising on the pigs and dogs.
Delaval Beresford is very like Bill but taller. He is working
very hard & making the business pay, but I should be sorry to
bury myself as he has done miles away from the track of
everyone. He evidently intends stopping in this country for
good. Last Sept a band of Apaches murdered a mexican family
within 15 miles of him & the same lot are still in the
They come down here every year & steal horses & its impossible
to catch them.
This country is full of mormons & their wives - driven from
the States, but I haven't seen many of them myself. The
expressions of some of the western americans are much to the
point and at first one cant understand half they say. They hate
the Easterner's & though they are rough have better manners
than the latter I should say.
I can only judge by the people I saw in the trains who did
nothing but chew tobacco & spit on the floor & never took
their clothes off by their appearance. These western men wear
clean shirts and respect the floor of the house.
They like Englishmen too & the drummers seemed to me to hate
them, all jealousy. I will write again from El Paso when i
get my letters. Ever dear Mama your [-----?]