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Title: G. [J.?], Fredricton, New Brunswick to David Carse, Lisowen,
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationfarmer?
Sender Religionunknown
OriginFredericton, N.Brunswick, Canada
DestinationLisowen, Co. Down, N.Ireland
RecipientCarse, David
Recipient Gendermale
SourceDonated by Mrs. I.J. Beattie, 120 Carsonstown Rd., Lisowen, Saintfield, Ballynahinch, Co. Down, BT24 7JN, N.Ireland
ArchiveUlster American Folk Park.
Doc. No.9904058
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by LT, 07:04:99.
Word Count1818
TranscriptFredricton 28th June 1847

Dear Cousin David
I received your welcome letter of 17th
April for which I feel extremly [extremely?] thankful it
came in very good time I was in very low spirits & felt
very home sick for a good many days before I received your
letter. but the pleasing intelligence of my friends being
all in good health and enjoying the necessaries of life
had the effect of cheering me up
I was a good deal surprised to hear
that my brother Samuel had left for America
I think it was the best thing he could have done
there is very little to be made at home by working at
the trade. I had a letter from him the week before
last and another yesterday he is working in a town
the [they?] call Wilmington in Delaware about 60 miles
from Quebec he is getting very good wages but the work
is very severe. The [They?] are repairing the ruins of
a powder mill that was blown up some short time since
I think it must be rather a dirty place to work. I
have wrote to him to come to St. Johns and I will get
him work then. He says he will work 3 or 4 weeks
longer and then come on here. I should like to have
him near and he is thinking long to see me he was
reminding me of the pleasant days we spent together
in childhood now that we are both away from our
friends and all we and all we (sic) held dear.
It would be great comfort [to?] both of us to be
together and I am sure my father would be so glad
to hear of us being in the same place
I wrote to your brother Geo. [George?] last
week I have not received an answer yet but am
expecting [to?] by next mail he had a very narrow
escape from being ship wrecked on his intended voyage
to New Orleans I hope he will have better success
this time Geo. [George?] is none of your cowardly
lads or he would not have ventured on sea again, but
I know he is too much of a sailor to let such a trifle
as that frighten him every danger must be braved
these bad times in order to obtain a descent [decent?]
I had a letter from my brother Wm
[William?] and one from my cousin Jno il [John?] last
mail and was glad to hear they were all well and
prospects of a good crop this year Wm [William?] says
he is getting along nicely since he got married I wish
them every success. Tell your brother James to walk into
the affections of some blooming young lady before the
gray hairs begin to get visible in his head.
Now that summer is come again and every thing
looks green & pretty I must say that I am much better
pleased with the country than I was. Now that I have
got a few seconds to spare I will give you a short
description of Fredricton. F.ton [Fredericton?] was
formerly called Saint Anns and was made the seat of
Government by one [Guy?] Carleton in 1782 it is 85
miles from St Johns by water and was supposed to be
the head of the free navigation of the river.
Fredricton is extremely pleasantly situated upon a
beatiful [beautiful?] [broad?] and obtuse point of
land formed by a bold curve on the south side of the
stream commanding a view of the river and a beautiful
little stream that branches into the interior of the
country they call the Nashwaak. A range of moderately
elevated hills bend around the southern side of the
plain two miles long and half a mile wide thus encircled
by the river and high ground a fertile and well
cultivated track of land is occupied at its northern
extremity by the Capital
The streets are wide and parallel to each other and
space is afforded by the cheap prices of land to favor
the culivation [cultivation?] of gardens and the planting
of ornamental trees which have added much to the beauty of
the place
The hills to the south are partly cultivated and
occupied by the college and a number of handsome cottages
from these hills then is a fine view of the river and the
[fields?] bordering on the evergreen forest.
Several of the buildings are of the best class
The Government house the residence of the Lieutenant
Governor is a spacious building of stone situated
at a beautiful spot on the banks of the river at the
west end of the town. Kings College is also a substantial
building of [freestone?] and of a great architecture. it
is 170 feet long by 60 wide containing 22 rooms for students
a chapel two lecture rooms and apartments for the
accomodation [accommodation?] of the vice precident
[president?] and two professors
The Province Hall in which the different legislation
bodies assemble is a plain wooden building, yet very
commodious the chamber of the legislative council
is finished in good taste. The offices of the provincial
secretary are built of stone as also the crown lands
departments besides these there are an Episcopal
church Scotch church (the one I attend) Methodist chapel
Baptist chapel Roman Catholic chapel, Collegiate and
Madrass schools Baptist seminary three Banks an
Hospital alms house, Court House Jaol [Gaol?] and
Market House
The principal barracks are situated on the bank of
the river in the town. they will accomodate
[accommodate?] 1000 infantry and a company of artillery.
the quarters of the officers open into a very pretty
square surrounded by beautiful trees the shop I live
in is directly opposite to the square the band plays
twice a week so you may guess it is rather a pleasant
spot in summer but dismal in winter. to persons who
are fond of shooting & fishing and wild scenery pleasant
excursions may be made during summer and autumn by hiring
Indians with their canoes and traversing the rivers
in the interior. They are fine fellows the Indians
It is amusing to [see?] them relate the scenes the
[they?] come through when out hunting. I was talking to
an old Indian the other day about moose hunting he
to [too?] told about a scrape he got into with a bear
He said in very broken English one time I go a
huntem [hunting?] moose, night came dane [down?].
Rain and snow come fast. Me no axe for makum [making?]
wigwam, gun wet, no getum [get to?] fire, me very tired,
me crawl into large hollar [hollow?] tree, I find plenty
room, almost begin sleep, bye, om, bye [by and by?]
me feelum [feel?] hot wind blow on my face, me know hot
bears breath, he crawl into log too, I takum [take?]
gun she no go. I tink [think?] me all same as gone all
eat up then me thinkum [think?] my old snuff box I
takum [take?] some snuff me throwum [throw?] in bears
face he run out he no like it I guess, me lay still
all night he no come in again every leetle [little?]
while me hear him sneesum [sneeze?] morning came me
fix hum [the?] gun and shoot him dead he no
more sneesum [sneeze?] this time so me cut him up take
him home to my squaw and my leetle [little?] papouces
[papooses?] to feedum [feed them?] on
Ill tell you a little about what folks have to do
before the [they?] have their land ready for bearing crops
The man who has been accustomed to work in good clear
land when he migrates to this country the gloomy forest
presents rather a strange appearance when he enters
upon his grounds he finds not a spot where food can
be raised the entire surface of the earth being
covered with innumerable trees that have stood for
ages and still seem to bid defiance to the [armies?]
of axe men. The axe must be applied to evry [every?]
tree for evry [every?] attempt to root them out except
by cutting and subsequent decay has proved usless the
trunk is cut from two or three feet above the ground the
tree staggers and falls with a loud crash the axe
man watches the direction taken by the falling tree
calling out to his companions if he has any to stand
clear of it (there is a great many killed by trees falling)
here man seems to be contending with the trees of the
forest as if they were his greatest enemy for he spares
neither the young sapling in its greeness nor the ancient
trunk in its lofty pride he wages war against the
forest with fire and steel
It is interesting to observe the rising of
a settlement and the advancement of cultivation in
the wilderness at first perhaps a solitary settler
builds his little shanty amidst the stumps the walls
of his dwelling are large logs piled on each other and
dovetailed at the corners with a square hole cut through
for a door and another for a window the cracks are
filled up with moss this fabric is covered with the
bark of a tree secured by long poles and with
the furniture inside all his own making. a house
is built for the cow another for the pig a few hens and
geese are also provided with shelter as season
succeeds season so the clearing is enlarged [while?]
the plough is put in motion and field after field
is seen bearing crop In the mean time other settlers
make their appearance and take up the adjoining lands
and a wide gap is made in the forest a log [school?]
has been built and perhaps pretty well filled
with [children?] [torn] a saw mill and [grist?] mill have
been erected [the?] log house has now been converted into
a pig stye [the?] [rector?] having removed to a neat framed
cottage with clap board and shingles instead of slates
[and?][torn] the log school house has been converted [torn]
[torn] the roads have been leveled [torn]
[torn] shops has been [opened?] [torn] [t---?][-agon?] [s-?]
[torn] [-de?] for the neat wagon and sleigh. a house
[torn] has been erected and a minister has been called
[torn] [-ma?] of the post boys horn has been heard in the
[torn] [-nally?] the medical man makes his appearance
[torn] earning a livlighood [livelihood?] by a little
farming and a [torn] practice the time in which all these
operations [has?] been performed is comparatively short
and [to?] change the produce in the features of the
country seem [torn] [work-?] [torn]
to my dear uncle and aunt also to Cousins James
Samuel John Archibald Robert & Thomas and to
all my friends write soon I need not say let it
be a long letter
I am Dear David
Yours Sincerely

envelope address:

Mr David Carse
Lisowen St.field
[Rev?] Stewart Co Down
Carse Ireland
[Rev?] J. Carse