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Title: Andrew Richey, U.S.A., to "My Dear Father and Mother"
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileRichey, Andrew/5
SenderRichey, Andrew
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationkeeps a store with his brother
Sender Religionunknown
OriginHopkinsville, Kentucky, USA
Recipient Gendermale-female
SourceD/3561/A/6/1/10: Deposited by Dr E.R. Green
ArchiveThe Public Record Office, Northern Ireland
Doc. No.9806848
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by LT, 25:06:98.
Word Count1688
TranscriptHopkinsville December 30th 1831

My Dear Father & Mother
I recvd. [received ?] Sister Eliza's letter some
weeks ago in which she chides me for my long silence.
I must confess I have been longer silent than I should
have been, but I assure you it is not because I have
forgot any of you no not a feature of your faces for
even when asleep my thoughts rest with satisfaction &
pleasure on my father's fire side. One of my reasons
for not writing sooner was the expectation of Sister
Eliza's letter as Br. [Brother?] Robt. [Robert?] in his
last spoke of her writing. Another of my reasons were,
expecting that Br. [Brother?] William would have
written to either Jas. [James?] or myself before this
time but we have not had a word from him since I came
here. I thought if he had wrote I might probably be
able to give you some knowledge of his intentions
or at least I could have let you know the purpose of his
letter. But I suppose as he had little to say in excuse
for his conduct to you he has thought proper to be silent.
You know he was always good at holding his peace when it
suited him. I have wrote a long letter to him which will
go in the same mail with this, in which I let him know
my mind plainly. I let him know that I care not for
corresponding with a brother who has yet to learn how to
behave as a son. When I recvd. [received ?] Sister
Eliza's letter I was confined to my bed with typhus
fever. I had a pretty severe attack but with the
blessing of God & the attendance of two doctors I was
able to attend to business in five weeks. My fever
had entirely abated in the first two weeks but it
left me so weak & debilitated that it was three
weeks more before I had gathered sufficient strength to
attend to business. I am now entirely recovered & in
good health & more fleshy than I have been for twelve
months past. I have had a loud warning in my late sickness
to attend to the concerns of my soul more than my body. When
a person is lying on a sick bed it is then they feel that
the whole world would be nothing to them if they were to
loose their own souls. Dear father I recvd. [received ?] great
satisfaction by sending your letter to Jas. [James?] which
came at the same time Sister Eliza's did. Oh how thankful
I should be that I have still a father & mother in the
land of the living to advise & [admonish ?] me. I hope your
fatherly advice to us may not be lost. Though I belong to
no religious sect yet. I hope I have religious impressions
that will never be obliterated but though I am moral yet I
cannot say I am religious I know morality is very good in
its place but it will not do in place of religion. I need
advice I need admonition in the midst of a world where
little but sin abounds (& indeed I must say it abounds
greatly here for we have many infidels among us both in
principle & in practice) & who is more fit to give that
admonition than Father who I hope has not yet forgot me. I
am almost at a loss how to express myself when I go to
speak of the kind & affectionate treatment I received from
Br. [Brother?] Jas. [James?] & Sister Eliza during my late
illness particularly Sister Eliza as James had to attend
to his business. She watched over me almost night and day
with unremitting attention & attended to all my wants &
endeavoured to cure my pain by every means in her power
as if I had been her brother indeed. Yes I hope my Dear
Mother will excuse me if I say she watched over me like
a mother. Indeed I shall cease to have any gratitude when I
forget her kind attention which in a great measure hastened
my recovery as I wanted for nothing that kindess could
suggest or medicine afford. Business is dull here
generally at present. Sales not near so brisk as formerly &
almost all on a credit of from six to twelve months. Jas.
[James?] has not been to Philadelphia since the Autumn of
1829, but he has a partner by the name of Duncan that he
sent to Phil. [Philadelphia?] the past summer to purchase
goods which saved Jas.[James?] the trip but he intends
going himself in the spring. Duncan is a fine steady young
man who formerly lived with Jas [James?] as clerk but is
now partner in a store which Jas. [James?] has in a small
town about 30 miles from this called Princetown. I am just
living on in the same way with Jas. [James?] as usual without
any agreement respecting what I am to receive from him. My
expenses for clothing are considerable as every article of
that kind are dear & a person who has always to be in public
has considerable expence [expense?] to keep himself in
repair. Besides my doctor's bill will be considerable. I
don't yet know how much as the doctors who attended on me
are indebted to Jas. [James?] for store goods & I will not
know the amt. [amount?] of my bill till they have a
settlement. Br. [Brother?] Robert in one of his letters
tells me that he hoped you had seen your worst days gone by
but I see by his last that you have still your difficulties
to contend with.
Though the black mare was getting old you must have felt her
loss. I was very sorry to hear that Br. [Brother?] Robt.
[Robert?] Dickey was so harrassed about his rent. It is a
distressed country in which you live & though I believe this
country to be ten times its superior for the farmer, yet still
I do not fell [feel?] free to advise all to come to it. This
country is certainly not so healthy as Ireland & the farmer
whose means are small has to contend with many difficulties
here before he obtains easy circumstances & if he is not
vigilant & industrious he will find the world getting ahead
of him & foreigners coming here with scanty means will
meet with many discouragements that they never dreamed of
yet if the [they?] have good health & use industry they
will certainly live well but they can't lay by much money
indeed I may say none at all. I hope you have sold the
Broomhedge land to your mind before this & if you have
I hope you will have more ease in your circumstances.
The past summer has been very wet & tobacco & wheat in
consequence of so much rain are not near so plentiful as
formerly but the farmers have made abundance of Indian
corn upon which the [they?] depend for food as much as
the Irish do on potatoes. At first I did not much relish
the corn bread but I am now as fond of it as any
Kentuckian. I have almost forgot the taste of oat bread
as I have not seen a bit since I finished what was
baked by your fire side. Flour is tolerably plenty &
what you would call cheap though it is much higher
than formerly. It is now worth from 3« to 4 dollars
per 100wt. [weight?] & that is reckoned an enormous price
here. My Dear Mother wishes to know if she may ever
expect to see me again. Tell her she may rest assured that
there is no thought gives me more pleasure than that of
seeing you all by a father's fire side but I cannot just
say the exact time when I expect to have that pleasure.
I had almost forgot to tell you that we were very
surprised one day last Sept. to see Uncle Alex Richey
[Ritchie?] come into the store. He came on foot & in no
very decent repair. I can't tell you how I was astonished
to see him he appears to take the world as easy as ever
though I cannot tell how he gets along though he staid
[stayed?] a week with Jas. [James?]. I could get little
satisfaction from him. He said he was going to Charleston
to see a Mr. Belshaw a relation of his. He said his wife
was dead & that he had nothing to bind him to his own
country. He still looks keen & lively but is a complete
profligate. Brother Robt. [Robert?] in his last letter
says that I should not forget to make mention of Mr.
A. Wilson. I always have wished to be remembered to all
enquiring friends. I always have held & still do hold Mr.
Wilson among that number but to mention individually all
that I consider friends would certainly take up more paper
than I have to spare. I am afraid this check writing
will give you trouble to read it therefore I must bid you
a far distant adieu. Give my kindest respects to all my
enquiring friends & remember my love in the kindest
manner to Bro. [Brother?] Robt [Robert?] & Sister Eliza &
Amelia Br. [Brother?] & Sister Waugh & Br. [brother?] &
Sister Dickey & all my uncles aunts & cousins individually
& as for Br. [Brother?] William I will write my respects
to him in the letter which I send him. Dear parents accept
of the sincere affection of your loving son Andw.
[Andrew?] Richey [Ritchie?]

You may expect a letter from Br. [Brother?] Jas. [James?]
shortly. He is as fleshy as ever. Br [Brother?] & Sister
desire to be remembered to you all. Their family are well except
that the children have got the chincough or as the [they?]
call it here the hooping cough.
yr [your?] affectionate
son A. [Andrew ?] Richey [Ritchie?]