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Title: Richard Rothwell, Delaware to Rosa Rothwell, Ireland.
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileRothwell, Richard Jr/36(2)
SenderRothwell, Richard Jr
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationmechanic
Sender ReligionProtestant
OriginNewcastle, Delaware, USA
RecipientRothwell, Rosa
Recipient Genderfemale
SourceT 2621/3/7: Copied by Permission of D. B. Rothwell Esq., Orchard Croft, Lund, Yorkshire, England.
ArchiveThe Public Record Office, Northern Ireland.
Doc. No.9007130
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by JM 25:02:1994.
Word Count1661
TranscriptNewcastle Delaware
Dec 12 1864

Dear Mother
I am afraid that when you received
the last letter you would be rather uneasy concerning
me and I hope that this letter will give you no
[f-ther?] [further?] reason to be so but dispel all unpleasant
thoughts I am not sure if this letter will reach
you by the first mail but I hope that it will
yesterday Sunday I had on Saturday got my
eye hit with a peice [piece?] of Iron and got cold cuts
[it?] the consequence was that I could not see either
to read a [?] and spent a most miserable
day the worst that I ever spent the Sunday
before I got my left eye cut on the [-all?] of the
eye and could not see but wore a pair of green
Spectacles in which I looked a most forlorn
looking object just like an oul [owl?] in an [ivy?]
bush but by the time that you have read
this far you will I have no doubt be expecting
to hear where I am and what I have been doing
and how I like the place I will try to [satisfy?]
you on all these points.

On Monday I did not go to work but called
at five and got my money and I then went
down to a hostelry and engaged a carriage to
take my things and me to the barge for New York
After that I went to my boarding house and got
supper and then paid my boarding mistress
and if I had not to fork out the dollars to her
I am mistaken five dollars for five days the [they?]
telling as innocently as you please that the [they?]
charged a dollar a day if I did not stay a day
so I can tell you I was not pleased expecting
to have to pay only half that. At a quarter
past seven the carriage called for me and I
was once more on the journey going I knew
not where with only 17 dollars in my pocket
[?] ten dollars in gold well when I get
to the boat (for you must know that I drove
there in style a carriage and pair) I gave my
baggage in charge to a colored man bought
my ticket to New York which cost me seventy
cents as the boat did not start until ten
I went into the town and got some
apples and a paper and then went back on
board the barge as they call it is nothing more

nor less than a steamer without engines it
has its stall cabins and is very nicely fitted
up it is towed down to new york by a tug
boat. The night was cloudy and although
[there?] was a moon the clouds obscured it so
that I did not see the beautiful scenery of
the Hudson at its full advantage well
as I could not see to advantage I thought
that the best thing that I could do was to go
to bed which I did and slept until three
when I got up expecting that I should get
in at five but I was doomed to be disappointed
when dressed I got on the deck and saw
a very large fire on the north river (as they cal [call?]
the Hudson near New York but as it was rather
dark I went back to the cabin where there
was a good deal of animated discussion
about the war and a five per cent tax put on
on the income tax of 63 [1863?] therby [thereby?] making
it eight per cent but they [the?] only conclusion
they came to was that it was wanted and must
be paid and that they would pay twice as much
[put?] down the south should go well their [there?] was
a man there that had lately come from the [?]
and he said that they were in a state of [?]
and the the papers of the south where [were?] worse for telling
lies than the york [New York?] papers that they told the more
awful lies making the Southern people believe
that the north committed the most outrageous
[?] on the prisoners they took there by
[c--ting?] the most deadly [?] to the north
but he said that the people were beginning
not to have to [too?] much faith in them as heretofore
Well at four I went on deck again and we
were just entering along the warfes [wharfes?] of the
great city and it was a grand sight to see
the innumerable slops [sloops?] barges and boats of
of all [?] an [and?] ships crossing from one isle
to the other here and there might be seen a
ferry boat crossing from Jersey just like
[?] [?] [?] and it was off the speed [that they?]
is incredible well at five we were not in at the
warf [wharf?] and I could see that I was not going to
be in time for the first boat to Jersey or I hould [should?]
say train. We did not get in until half past
Six and to off I went down to see if I could
catch the first train but found that I would
not on my way down to the office of the Jersey
central railway I had to pass through a

butchers market and of all the bad looking
Men that ever I saw they were the badest [worst?]
I thought to myself that they were to fit to hang
a negro to a large post or do any other deed
of cruelty well when I got to the office I
found that the next train left at ten oclock [o'clock?]
So I found my way back and made up my mind
to have a stroll So off I started and after a walk
of about ten minutes I found myself in
broadway the far famed broadway well I once
more thought that I was in London Oxford
Street and not in the largest city of the Union
well I walked for about six miles and then
returned and thinking that I would be the
better of a breakfast but not liking to [?]
one of the large restaurants of broadway found
my way down to warf [wharf?] and went into what I
thought was a good place well I was doomed
to be disappointed asked for breakfast and
after waiting for about ten minutes a cup of
dish water [dishwater?] for coffee and a small [bowl?] of beef steak
and about two inches square of bread was put down
for me a poor half starved man I gave the waiter
a great stare sat down and [?] in about
a minute I call for more bread and received [another?]
[supply?] of the same dimensions and again I called
for bread until I got tired rose and asked how much
it was thirty cents AND EXTRA BREAD ten cents making
forty well you will be rather astonished when I
tell you that I was hungryer [hungrier?] when I got up than
when I sat down So out I went and had half
a mind to call some where [somewhere?] else and see
if I could not get a better breakfast [?]
gave up the idea I then bought a coupple [couple?] of
apples and off on the [?] again this time
I went down to [barnums?] Museum one of
principal places of amusement of the
people of New York I did not go in as I had
not time but as it was by this time nine
oclock [o'clock?] I thought that it was time that I
should as the fellow said make back and
see about getting my luggage down to the
office I hired a porter for seventy five cents to
Carry it down which he did bought my ticket
which cost me three dollars and then got my
baggage checked the checking I must tell
you about First thing you do is to buy you [your?] ticket
you then go to the baggage master and tell him
that you want to get your baggage checked he

asks to see your ticket you show it to him
and he puts up your baggage a [?]
ticket it on it with a certain number on it
and the place it is for he also gives you a corresponding
number which you keep and you have nothing
now to do with your baggage until you arrive
at your destination when they change cars
you have nothing to do but to get into another
carriage and when you get to your [?]
and present your ticket and you get your baggage
you can get it checked any place and it costs
you nothing it is one of the best things I have
seen in this county and saves a traveler [traveller?] a great
deal of trouble having got my ticket I took
the ferry to Jersey city and from that the cars
to Philadelphia which place I arrived at
at 1 oclock [o'clock?] and it cost me three dollars for
a carriage to the hotel where you must
leave me for the next letter.
I shall send enclosed a five cent note
just to let you see the [?] money
I hope that Miss Knowles and all at
the [?] are well tell them for me that
I hope they will spend a merry Christmas
and a happy new year. Also You and Margaret
and all the family I expect a long letter from
William and My Sisters And from the two boys
It is five weeks since I got a Letter from you
So that it will be a pleasure to hear from you.

I must now stop And with love to all
At home and in the Square
Believe Me Your
Attached Son Richard
Tell Particulars
as to where I am
working in
my next

Post Office