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Title: British Officer, Halifax N.S. to [A Dobbs, Carrickfergus?]
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileBritish Officer/4
SenderBritish Officer
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationarmy officer
Sender Religionunknown
OriginHalifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
DestinationCarrickfergus?, N.Ireland
RecipientDobbs, Arthur
Recipient Gendermale
SourceD 162/50: Presented by Major A.F. Dobbs, Castle Dobbs, Carrickfergus, County Antrim. Per Mr A.E. Dobbs. #TYPE EMG [An Officer of an Expeditionary Force?] Halifax [Nova Scotia?] to [Arthur Dobbs, Carrickfergus?] August 13 1750.
ArchivePublic Record Office, N. Ireland
Doc. No.8911072
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
Log20:11:1989 LT created 04:07:1990 CD input 10:07:19
Word Count1349
TranscriptHalifax Aug [August?] 13th 1750
We arrived in this Harbour the 1st Instant after a passage of 42 days from
Kinsale during which time we had but 10 days fair wind, the Town is built
upon a rising ground from the sea, and were the Buildings equal to Towns in
England, I believe it would exceed any for situation or regularity - the
streets being laid out with vast judgment & almost any part of the
town commands the Harbour and entrance; there is not a better Harbour in
the world, it is so well lockd [locked?] in by land. I compute it to be a
mile and half in Breadth and 12 or 13 in length, we ride in 12 fathom water
about 200 yards from the shore and am told there is not a spot but any
ship in England may ride in safety, and if they please
within half a cables length of the shore. Nova Scotia is a large
[Apeninsula extending from S W [South West?] to N E [North East?]
upwards of 400 miles in length and near 400 in Breadth,
our Regimt [regiment?] is to march from this in about six
days to Minas about 60 miles from this, where we are to take shipping for
Chignecto which is 66 leagues from Minas by sea & 200 miles by land.
Chignecto is joynd [joined?] to the mainland by an Isthmus from the
Peninsula, the place Major Lawrence went to take possession of, when the
French and Indians set fire to their houses but told him he might take
possession of one side of the Isthmus, which was that they burnt the Houses
on, but that the other he would maintain as the property of the King of
France, our governr [governor?] when he was sent here has orders to take
possession of both sides which it seems we have a right to by the Treaty of
Utrecht, and can never think ourselves safe until we have possession of both
sides, as the French have a Fort just opposite to the ground we are going to
fortifie [fortify?], there goes with our Regimt [regiment?] 500 men from
Warburtons and Cornwallis regimt [regiment?] the Frame of the Barrack and
plank to cover it goes in small craft of scooners [schooners?] about 40 or
50 Tuns [Tons?], we are to pitch our Tents until the Barracks are built,
major Lawrence is made Lieut [Lieutenant?] Colonel and will have the
command on this expedition, we are told there are 400 setlers [settlers?]
embarkd [embarked?] for this new settlement, and that the French and Indians
who did inhabit it have cleard [cleared?] 12 miles of ground free from Trees
and that it is extream [extremely?] good soyl [soil?] and plenty of game, it
is said we are not to molest the French until we have orders from the King,
but if we find we are a match for them, I believe the Coll [Colonel?] will
think proper to dislodge them, all our ships are arrivd [arrived?], the
newham was the last who came in 5 days ago. The Houses of the metropolis
and of all our settlemts [settlements?] are of wood, the Frames and Boards
we have from New England as the saw mills are not finishd [finished?] here,
but will have those soon without depending upon New England, our Lime and
Brick for chimneys we have from thence also, we have all kinds of stock here
that you have in Ireland, we have Bears Foxes Wolves & mountain cats of the
prey kind next province to us on the S W [South West?] of the peninsula is
inhabited by French and Indians the French settled mostly on the north side
in number about 15000 all roman Catholicks [Catholics?] - they live on the
produce of the country, their cloaths [clothes?] [are?] coarse woollen stuff
which they make themselves their Beer made of spruce Tree tops boyld [boiled?]
up with molasses which is very wholsome [wholesome?] and drank [drunk?] in
in common by all in these parts, the Indians are not above 1000 of the same
religion with the French, they have no settled place of abode living in
wigwams or Huts which they can build in a day for food they have what
they can kill in the woods [moose?], Deer, Beavers, Porcupines, Bears
Partridges Pigeons and Fish which they get in the Rivers, cod Haddock
salmon Trout Hallybuts [halibuts?] mackrall [mackerel?] Herrings Flat fish
[Rack?] fish lobsters musseles [mussels?] - clams with Pollack and many
others - Their drink commonly New England Rum, which they have in plenty
for their furs from the french; the climate is generally very Hot
from the month of April till Augst [August?] we have frequent fogs
very thick and sudden from the sea imagind [imagined?] to Rise
from the fishing Banks off the mouth of the Harbour, from Augst [August?]
to [gher?] frequent heavy rains, from [gher?] to Feby [February?]
snow in such quantity as to be from 8 to 12 feet thick on the ground, from
Feby [February?] till May clear weather mostly till all is dissolvd
[dissolved?] which is by the middle of April, n:b: our climate is much
preferable to cape Breton and not so good as New England; this part all
along the south side is mountainy all coverd [covered?] with woods very
stony and a stiff clay, the north side a fine levell [level?] improvd
[improved?] county and a rich black soyl [soil?] which will produce anything
you have in Britain or Ireland; the kind of woods are oak Beech Birch White
Black 5 or 6 kinds of firs or Pines as many sorts of spruce maple and some
Ash, our commodities are only salt cod at present, of which they hope to
cure to the value of 15 or 2000£ this season, I don't know anything you have
the liberty of importing that would answer worth sending to our parts, for
the war with the Indians stops all the Fur Trade all kind of goods you can
send us will sell well particularly woollens, but that Trade is dangerous,
spanish dollar is the money that passes here at £5 sterling per dollar and
english money is at present very scarce a guinea passes for 22 shillings and
all other coin in proportion, the money depends upon the grants of Parliamt
[Parliament?] and payment of the forces exchange to Engld [England?] from 5
to 6 1/2 pr [per?] cent, the extent of this and neighbouring county I referr
[refer?] you to the maps sent home, New England Borders on one western parts
Cape Breton on the Eastern in some places not above 3 leagues over,
Tradesmen of all kinds are wanting - we have no plantations on this part of
the Land, nor are fit for that purpose, their [there?] being no lands laid
out but the Lots in Town, but I believe any man may have as much land as he
can cultivate, gardens we have tho [though?] small, but the improvd
[improved?] part of the country produces all sorts of Roots and greens you
have in Ireland, much better Turnips, but not so good Potatoes for our Fruit
we can't say much, but are persuaded that what Trees will grow well with
you will hear [here?] with equal care, cows horses sheep swine and poultry
are very cheap at Minas, from whence we are chiefly supplyd [supplied?]
our Bread & flower [flour?] comes chiefly from New York and Philadelphia,
some from New London and Rhode Island The Houses are framd [framed?]
plankd [planked?] and boarded over in [Senek?] [work?] the [roof?]
[though?] you can get as good a House built in Ireland for £60 as here for
300 - and 4 years rent the price of the Building, it is computed there are
3000 sould [sold?] in Hallyfax [Halifax?] and a sufficient number of houses
to cover them so you may think what an Improvement the governt [government?]
has made in 12 months when before it was all a wood, all [parties?] speak
well of the governt [government?]