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Title: James Young Caughey, Pennsylvania, to His Cousin, Co Down.
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileYoung Caughey, James/16
SenderYoung Caughey, James
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationworks for a railway company
Sender Religionunknown
OriginPenn., USA
DestinationCo. Down, N.Ireland
Recipient Genderfemale?
SourceT 2040/1: Copied by Permission of Mrs. I. Grant, Ardnagreena, Holywood, County Down. #TYPE EMG James Young Caughey, McKeesport, Allegheny [County?], Pennsylvania, to His Cousin in Ballynahinch, County Down, 30 April, 1888.
ArchivePublic Record Office, Northern Ireland.
Doc. No.9006201
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
Log27:06:1990 GMcE#CREATE created 04:12:1991 WJC inpu
Word Count892
TranscriptApril 30, 1888

Dear Cousin,
It is with pleasure that I write you
these few lines to let you know that I am in good
health at present and hoping this may find you
all the same.
I have wrote you several letters before this one left
but they all returned uncalled for. I thiught it very
strange and addressed them just the same as I did the
one or two you received and answered
So this one will surely reach you if the ship don't sink
as Mr Marsh told me that he would certainly give it into
your own hands as soon as his arrival home
and I hope he may arrive in safety.
I cannot write very much or at least have got
very little to say at this time only what family of us
that are left in this world are getting along
as well as can be expected
Bob John and myself think you are aware that Andy
Bella & William are dead and Sam might as well be
or maybe is as I have not heard from him for ten
years He went to California about twelve years ago
and has never returned but I think he still lives
and hope to hear from him in some future time
He and I were the only single ones in the family
I often think he must have got married and settled down
right in that country and I suppose you are aware of the
[----?] that when marriage takes place it is a kind of a
separation and also the old saying out of sight out of mind
Therefore I cannot get away just now I have
none of the best of a Constitution and several doctors
have told me it would be the very best thing
I could do
Still in regard to this country's prosperity it is very
uncertain some years it is very good and some very
poor. It has never got over the war effects yet
and this country being comprised of every nationality it is
very uncertain for business so many strikes which
take place. This immediate vicinity in which I live
is principally manufacturing and
also a mining district but coal mining is pretty
much played out We use very little else but natural
Gas which I suppose you are aware of
It is a rare thing aropund here to see a coal
fire in a town or City Iron and metal are manufactured
in their various ways by the use of Gas alone as fuel
this is the cause of mining being so poor a business
Of course there is Thousands of miners engaged but
not thirty per cent of what was eight or ten
ago when I came to this country it was the most
money making business in this country for capitalist
and common miner as well but the Natural Gas
knoched both out
I suppose you have no such a thing in Ireland yet
or at least I never heard or read of such a thing
it is a very strange thing just to think of a whole
Town being kept in fuel and some use it for light
out of one little hole bored in the ground about four
inches in diameter and two or three thousand feet down
never the less it is the case I tell you it has the
pressure some wells run up to twelve Hundred pounds to one square inch.
I will not bother you any more explaining gas anymore
Just now but at some future time will give you some
More Idea of its workings As I said it is an uncertain Country
as Strikes occour [occur?] so often everything looking favourable as could
be men all engaged in their several trades and occupations
today. Tomorrow before dinner all out on a strike
This has been the case since the financial Crisis
struck this country in 1871 and it seems to me there is
not much improvement being made since that time especially
in a manufacturing District But Farmers never feels have [half?] as
much of the affects [effects?] as other branches of business
I must now stop scratching or scribbling pretty soon as I cannot
Intrest [Interest?] you very much whoever gets this perhaps who may
it will not interest them any but if you only return me a note
I will do my endeavour to write you something of Intrest [Interest?]
I also trust My Friend Marsh will arrive safely on the other side of
the Atlantic and He can tell you some of the things peculiar
in this Country although He did not become a full fledged
Yankee like me
I would have sent some little 'Trinkets' but so uncertain to
me the arrival of them I have posponed [postponed?] till some future
I must now tell you a little about myself I am in the Express
business and getting along there is no use in blowing about
ones self [oneself?] but I am doing well enough not married but
happy where my hat is hung up is my House but my
business is right here while I attend to it
Now I will close by sending my regards & Love for you all
I Remain Your Cousin
James Y. Caughey
Adress [Address?] McKeesport Allegheny [County?] P[ennsylvani?]a