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Title: R. Campbell, U.S.A. to W. J. C. Allen, Belfast.
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileCampbell, Robert/16(3)
SenderCampbell, Robert
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationmerchant
Sender Religionunknown
OriginAugusta, Georgia, USA
DestinationBelfast, N.Ireland
RecipientCampbell Allen, William J.
Recipient Gendermale
Relationshipfriends, business
SourceD 1558/1/1/301: Papers of William John Campbell Allen, Deposited by F. D. Campbell Allen.
ArchiveThe Public Record Office, N. Ireland.
Doc. No.9802468
Partial Date
Doc. TypeEMG
LogDocument added by LT, 09:02:98.
Word Count1503
TranscriptWm. Jno. [William John?] C. Allen Esq.,
Ulster Bank Belfast
Augusta 15th Jun 1865

My Dear Sir
My last of the 10th ult
with copies of those of January 11th & Mar 13th must
I think have reached you, from the way I forwarded it
being by a friend to N. York [New York?]. - Since
then it has become more and more evident that the Bonds
& notes of the Confederate States are and will continue
to be worthless; the war having ended without conditions.
Its termination was unexpectedly sudden, and has brought
many to penury, who holding Confederate Securities
thought themselves wealthy.
I sent you also in the letter of the 10th May a condensed
Statement of the Bank of Augusta for your examination.
I now accompany this with a more particular statement of its
Assets, to the better enable you to judge of its
situation and the value of its Stock: which in my opinion
is very bad, though not worse than the others. From
the United States laying an annual tax of 10% upon the
Capital of such Banks, I think they will be obliged to
wind up, and will find difficulty in paying those Notes
now out. There never was perhaps such an utter breakdown
of the credit of a Government; and I might add, a People;
for the Government had absorbed almost all the personal
property of the Country -
I enclose with this a paper with the numbers, weights,
marks, cost & charges up to the 8th inst. of the eighty
two 82 Bales Upland Cotton, purchased as already advised
on account of yourself, your uncle James Campbell and
your cousin William Campbell jointly - The weight 39,404
pounds, cost $6,302.05 - Charges $4.085.55 - As these
Cottons were purchased they were always charged to the
separate accounts of each of those parties, in the
proportion of the Dividends secured for and credited
to them - and when the charges were paid, they were also
likewise Debited to the parties in like proportion.
There may seem some little discrepancy in the amounts,
but it is only summing - compared with the items already
furnished you viz. by putting among the charges 13$
Commission & 11.25 Insurance - which were included and
entered in the bill of parcels - So to make in this
statement the number of pounds & the price agree with
the amount carried out 1023.99 - instead of 1048.24 -
I would give you the items of Mr. Brysons Storage Bill
but it occupies a page of foolscap, and is not over
the regular charges, which advanced with, but not in
proportion to, the depreciation of the currency.
We are notified that the U.S. Government are
going to take one fourth of the Cotton in the hands of
individuals in kind, as a Tax, after it has been
delivered in Savannah. Thinking there might be some
treaty or commercial arrangement with G. Br [Great
Britain?] which would exempt such Cotton as yours, from
this Specific Tax, I took the liberty of mentioning
the case briefly in a letter by express to Sir F. Bruce
H.M.[His Majesty's?] Minister at Washington City on the
6th inst - but have no acknowledgement - at that date
our Post Office was closed, and was not opened till
this week.
Under the necessity of leaving this place in a
short time and not expecting to return until November
or December, and feeling the infirmities of age
accumulating, I have concluded it best both for you,
and myself, to turn over your and your cousins affairs
and the management of this Cotton to other hands - and
looking over my acquaintance here have chosen James Brown
of the firm of Bones, Brown & Co. - and Mr. Harper C.
Bryson and have substituted them jointly and separately
as the powers of attorney for you and William Campbell
in the Bank of Augusta and in the Georgia Rail Road &
Banking Company, - Finding no general power from you
or your cousin to me, I have given them an instrument
to authorize them as your and his Agents to manage the
82 Bales of Cotton, until you can be heard from - I have
also given each of them such a statement of numbers,
weights &c &c as I now furnish you, and have handed to
Mr Brown the Certificate of Mr. A Fullerton. I have
not mentioned to them of my having written to Sir F. Bruce
and it will depend on circumstances whether I do so.
I have now to request that you will send proper
powers and instructions to those Gentlemen, if you
approve of them, or substitute others as soon as
possible - for you will easily see that their present
authority is not as satisfactory as if it was from
I request also that you will submit this letter to
your cousin Wm. Campbell that he and the representatives of
his Father's Estate may co-operate with you - Before
I leave here I will endeavour to send each of you
a statement of your accounts -
I have had purchased for you in Laurens county, and lying
there since early in 1864 a parcel of upland Cotton
intended for paying off any indebtedness to you, for your
advances in Belfast on my account, which on the 30th
of September last amounted to One Hundred & Sixty Eight
pounds two shillings & eight pence œ168 2/8 I am doubtful
now whether I will sell it in this country or not - Your
Merchants I think will be disappointed in the quantity they
will receive from hence - There will be none of consequence
made this year - not more than to preserve seed - and it
is not yet known, whether the article can be made as
heretofore, with the change which has so suddenly
taken place in our labour system. My present impression
is that the same quantity cannot be produced for many
years, if ever - The natural extension of the comforts
of the free labourers, not allowing the time, if there
were no other obstructions. I am happy to say that,
under Military Rule, this great change has progressed
peacefully: How it would be, or will be, when the State
resumes her position and rights as a member of the U.S.
- is uncertain; but we hope for the best: we have the
example of Haiti as a warning, not to attempt to restore
Slavery - Since I last wrote to you our City has been
overrun by Negroes coming in from the Plantations to
realise their freedom - They behave very orderly but
suffer in many cases from want of food, there being no
adequate employment and provisions scarce. A detachment
of U.S. Negro Troops infantry, arrived here today, and
marched up to the Arsenal.
Notwithstanding the great disorganisation on many of the
plantations, the seasons have been so favourable, that the
corn crop looks well, and as there has been scarcely any
Cotton planted - the Stock of Horses, Mules, Hogs, and all
kind of cattle to be fed upon it, greatly reduced - and the
wastefulness of Armies having ceased - we may expect food,
of which corn here is the chief article, will be very
abundant and cheap in the fall. Flour is now 10$ p [per?]
Brrl [Barrel?] Bacon 10c [cents?] p [per?] lb. Corn 1¬ c [to?]
1«$ p [per?] Bushel.
Augusta 18 Jun 1865. I have detained this
letter that I might be able to furnish your account and
those of William Campbell & James Campbell, which I
now do herewith - I have considered that this would be
the most satisfactory to all parties - with my previous
letters I hope they will be understood and think they will
be found correct - of which you will please advise me
after examination. I have taken the liberty of closing
your account and charging you and crediting James Campbell
with $225.58 and also closed that of Wm. Campbell by
charging him and crediting James Campbell with $75.25
which increases your and his interest in the 82 Bales of
Cotton by the amount of those sums. After crediting
these sums the account of James Campbell still shows a
balance due me of Six Hundred & ninety four dollars &
ninety two cents $694.92 - This arises from the Powers
of Atty [Attorney?] which I hold from him for the
collection of Dividends, becoming inoperative on the
knowledge of his death. I would have substituted our
good friend Jno. Bones, who has already a power from
Mr. Wm. Campbell, but I am sorry to say the feebleness
of his health, entirely forbade it.
I have no letters from the M'Whinneys or M'Veas, but
I hope soon to hear from the former as the way for letters
is now open - Mrs Campbell, who is in fair health,
enjoins me to send much love from her to Mrs Allen -
I pray for the health and happiness of your family and am
Ever Yours Truly
R. Campbell.