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Title: Hugh Donnan, Cahard, County Down, to John Donnan, New York.
CollectionIrish Emigration Database
FileDonnan, Hugh/72
SenderDonnan, Hugh
Sender Gendermale
Sender Occupationfarmer
Sender Religionunknown
OriginCahard, Co. Down, N.Ireland
DestinationNew York, USA
RecipientDonnan, John
Recipient Gendermale
SourceD/2795/5/1/11: Presented by Mrs. Charles Donnan, Cahard,Ballynahinch, Co. Down.
ArchiveThe Public Record Office, Northern Ireland.
Doc. No.9805362
Partial Date
Doc. TypeLTE
LogDocument added by LT, 14:05:98.
Word Count1381
TranscriptCahard Aprile [April ?] the 2nd 1849

Dear son I now embrace another opportunity of sending
you some information respecting ourselves and also our
country. first I may let you know we received your letter
together with the enclosure from your uncle Thomas on
the morning of the County ploughing match which was the 13th
of February which gave us great pleasure to know that
you were not only in good health but also in good spirits
so far as we could judge. we may let you know that Mr.
Shaw paid a visit to Cahard about the latter end of February
when he commenced his old method of distraining some
of his tenants who were gone in arrears however he
did not proceed any farther [further?] but let the cattle
home again we think that he was agitated on account of
William Miller who left his place in Cahard with about 3
years rent due upon it and sailed for America we think
this is but one instance of many that would do the same
thing could the [they ?] get their foot in his shoe
however Mr. Shaw has purposed [proposed ?] to give us a
little abatement in addition to what we had before instead
of 2/d out of the pound he will now give us 4/0 that is
20 per cent this will only be to them who can pay the
rent in due time. I may also state to you that our
country in general is become like a desolation all who you
knew were in a declining state of circumstance before
you left us are still worse now I think it not
right to name the reality of these things as we can
only judge from the external appearance one thing we can say
that money is the greatest want of temperal blessings that we
have. we have reason to be thankful notwithstanding the failure
in the potatoes we are well supplied with victualing of
every kind for as far as this season has gone meal has
seldom exceeded 10/6 per cwt oats from 5/6 to 6/6 wheat 10/0
butter 9 [d ?] per lb pork from about 45 [shillings ?]
to 47 [shillings ?] we will have about 7 ton and a half
of grain this season beside our seed we have bought two
little pigs about the middle of February at 1- 10.0 land
is became of little value hear [here ?] now many a farm had
been purposed [proposed ?] for sale this season but no one
to buy it. you may be vey glad that you did not buy John
Wilsons land for I believe it would have vexed both you and
I he tried to sell it this winter but their [there ?] was no one
to buy it I need not begin to inform you of the people of
our neighbourhood who are gone and going to America this
season for the [they ?] are to [too ?] numerous However I
will mention one or two of them Hugh Leslie and Mrs Samuel
Hays son to Robert Hays left his Mrs and child for to try how
he could do. Rebinah Eliza and Margaretjane are at school
with George Dun on account of a difference between us and
Gills people on account of them forcing their son Billy in
to be [being ?] teacher without any examination the time that
Mr. Withers was in Dublin Mr Withers is now teaching in Omah
[Omagh?] County Tyrone also Henry Oswald is now teaching a
National school near Banbridge we may also let you know that
this winter has been remarkably fine weather we had no snow
except a shower or two and very little frost the month of May
the seed time has been very early their [there ?] was some
corn sowed in the month of February we drilled the little
stoney park with potato on the 6th of March we began to sow
on the 12th of March and we had done about the dat [date ?]
of this letter and we intend to set as many more potatoes as
we have set you may also let your uncle Thomas know that I send
him my sincere thanks for his excellent letter which he sent
me it was both intelegant [intelligent ?] and interesting to
me and all who heard it and I likewise received it as a mark
of respect which he showed me by so doing I was very glad
to he hear that the little word I dropped when
him and I parted has proved so useful to him since it reminds
me of what solomon says rebuke a wise man and he shall yet be
wiser. we need not send you any account of the great procession
of Ribbonmen which assembled in Crossgar on patricks day which
was the greatest ever seen in the North of Ireland of that kind.
However here was two or three lives lost besides a great many
wounded on account of a dispute betixt the orangemen and them
about walking up the Killeagh street. their [there ?] was three
or four magistrates their [there ?] besides about 60 police
the [they ?] were ordered to fire and fired about 60 rounds
it is thought that the police fired over them instead of
firing on them on account of them being mostly roman
catholics or the [they ?] might have killed hundreds. as James
Thompson said he would post a newspaper for your uncle Thomas
which gives the full account of it we wish to let you know
that the big horse ploughed very well this season and the
[they ?] were both healthy all winter Hugh has ploughed
middling well he was greatly improved before he had done
we tried to sell the big horse in the March fair of
Saintfield we were offered 10 for him but we thought it to
[too ?] little but we intend to try him again) : Thomas wishes
to let his uncle Thomas know that the pain in his shoulder
still attacts him a little betimes yet but he has got a
little cure called Hillnaman Potter, son to Eloner [Eleanor?]
O Neil [O Neill?] who helps him in a pinch he would wish to know
how his uncle Thomas wrist stands it we wish to let you know
that Eliza Jamison is staying with us all summer
your uncle James Garrett thought it somewhat strange
that he wrote two or three letters for his sons that never
reached them but he posted one for them I think about 23
of march which bears to them the most alarming and sorrowful
news that the [they ?] have yet heard that is the death
of their Mother which happened on the 18th of march after
a sickness of about a fortnight or better her spirits
is now fled to wherever the righteous judge hath consigned
it her body is now mingling with the body of her son Williams
who lieth on her bosom. and now John I hope this instance
of mortality which you now hear will be a warning to both
you and your companions as well as to ourselves to make up
your peace with God while you are in health and strength for
I believe that is the only time that God requires it use
the means God hath appointed and he will accomplish the
ends. but I must now draw to a conclusion, I would
then say to you be ye also ready for in such an hour as ye
think not the son of men cometh. I thank God that this leavs
[leaves ?] us all in the enjoyment of our usual health except
your mother who is not just as stout as she has been and I hope
this letter will find you all enjoying the same
blessing that is you and Francis and your uncle Thomas
John Thompson and John & James Garrett ( any time you
have to spare you may be watching for Thomas
Patterson for he thinks great long to be with you
for he has promised against Boat Races) Miss Margretjane
[Margaret?] McRaken died the 27th Feb sister in law
to A. Wilson Stfield [Saintfield ?]
I remain Your Affectionate Father Hugh Donnan